官方APP下载:英语学习播客(支持苹果手机、安卓手机)
创办于2003年
UNSV记不住?那就记中文谐音“忧安思危”吧!
  Slow and Steady Wins the Race!
UNSV英语学习频道 - Slow and steady wins the race!
公众微信服务号
英语全能特训(微信公众服务号)
UNSV英语学习频道淘宝网店
客服短信:18913948480
客服邮箱:web@unsv.com
初级VIP会员
全站英语学习资料下载。
¥98元/12个月

HEALTH REPORT - WHO Says Health Debts Push 100 Million People a Year Into Poverty

作者:Lisa Schlein and Caty Weaver 发布日期:11-24-2010

This is the VOA Special English Health Report.

The World Health Organization says the rising cost of health care is a struggle for people and governments around the world.

The problem is greatest in countries where people must often pay directly for services. A new report says these costs push one hundred million people into poverty each year.

Aging populations are one reason why health costs are rising. Also, more people are getting chronic diseases like diabetes and heart disease that require long-term treatment. And new treatments for health conditions are more costly than old ones.

This year's "World Health Report" offers guidelines to strengthen health financing systems and make services available to more people.

The report says about one billion people do not get the care they need because it costs too much or it is unavailable.

WHO Director-General Margaret Chan says no one should have to risk financial ruin to take care of their health. David Evans agrees. He is the director of health systems financing for the WHO, which is part of the United Nations.

DAVID EVANS: "But what the report says, it's not just not acceptable, but it's not necessary. Something could be done and something can be done about it now."

The report says one thing governments can do is provide more money for health care. For example, ten years ago, African leaders agreed to spend fifteen percent of government funds on health. So far, only Liberia, Rwanda and Tanzania have met that goal.

The report says governments could also raise money more fairly and spend it more wisely. David Evans says several countries are doing this.

DAVID EVANS: "Gabon is a low-income country. It has introduced a tax on financial transactions and that is going to help. If Gabon can do something like that, other countries can do it.

"In terms of financial risk protection, Thailand has introduced health insurance for everyone. And that health insurance is tax-funded, particularly for the poor, so that what happens is the insurance now pays the cost that the people would have paid previously out of their own pockets."

The WHO says smarter spending could reduce health care costs between twenty and forty percent. The report identifies ten areas where better policies and practices could make health systems more efficient.

One area is in the purchase of medicines. The report says higher-priced drugs are often chosen even when lower-priced medicines of the same quality are available. Also, medicines can go to waste simply because the right storage is not available.

And that's the VOA Special English Health Report. I'm Shirley Griffith.

____

Contributing: Lisa Schlein and Caty Weaver

版权所有©2003-2019 南京通享科技有限公司,保留所有权利。未经书面许可,严禁转载本站内容,违者追究法律责任。 互联网经营ICP证:苏B2-20120186
网站备案:苏公网安备 32010202011039号苏ICP备05000269号-1中国工业和信息化部网站备案查询
广播台