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WORDS AND THEIR STORIES - State Nicknames, Part 1

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Now, the VOA Special English program WORDS AND THEIR STORIES.

A nickname is a shortened form of a person's name. A nickname can also be a descriptive name for a person, place or thing.

America's fifty states have some of the most historically interesting nicknames.

Alabama is known as the Heart of Dixie because it is in the very middle of a group of states in the Deep South. Dixie itself is a nickname for the American South. It started when Louisiana printed notes with the French word for "ten" on them. "Deece," or D-I-X, led to "Dixie."

Way up north, Alaska is called the Last Frontier for understandable reasons. Near the Arctic Circle, it was the final part of the nation to be explored and settled.

Arizona is the Grand Canyon State because of the famous winding canyon carved by the Colorado River. The southern state of Arkansas is the Land of Opportunity. The state legislature chose this nickname. Arkansas is rich in natural resources and has become a favorite place for older people to retire.

In a popular Spanish book, a fictional island called "California" was filled with gold. Sure enough, plenty of it was discovered in the real California, in eighteen forty-eight. This started a gold rush unlike any other in American history in the Golden State.

You would think Colorado would be known as the Rocky Mountain State. But its nickname is the Centennial State. That is because it became a state in eighteen seventy-six, exactly one hundred years after the nation declared its independence.

Connecticut is called the Nutmeg State after a spice. Connecticut Yankees, as people in this northeast state are called, are known to be smart in business. So smart that it was said they could sell wooden, meaning false, nutmegs to strangers.

Little Delaware is called the First State because it was the first state -- the first to approve the new United States Constitution.

The southern state of Florida likes to tell about its sunny days and fine beaches. So Florida is the Sunshine State. Florida's neighbor to the north grows some of the sweetest fruit in America. So Georgia is the Peach State.

Hawaii, far out in the Pacific Ocean, is the Aloha State. That is the friendly greeting that means both "hello" and "goodbye" in the native Hawaiian language. So, aloha for now. Next week we will tell you about the nicknames of more American states.

(MUSIC)

This VOA Special English program was written by Ted Landphair. I'm Barbara Klein. You can find more WORDS AND THEIR STORIES at www.unsv.com.

网友的学习评论(21条):
作者:georgey
很有帮助,坚持
这个有什么用?我没听懂。。
作者:yellow-lemon
虽然只有五分钟,但还是好长啊
作者:sunny
有没有更简单点的
作者:Von
有没有翻译?
作者:sdl
有没有简单点
作者:Webmaster
学习有困难的用户,可以考虑订购《英汉翻译对照》http://www.unsv.com/material/translation/
作者:Time
对我来说...这篇短文难度相当大
作者:Joth
太难了,有没有在简单点的!
作者:胜利
再难我也要坚持,为了我的理想!
作者:eipp
对我来讲挺难的,希望有更简单点的
作者:The clonds
有个一个月,可以吃透的
作者:Joheey
太难了,我能学会英语吗?
作者:jane
有点难度,不过蛮适合我的,我要加油。。。。
作者:Eureka
很不错 发音很清楚 很有帮助!!!
作者:zsh66628
我还以为是学单词列,难啊!
作者:zerlinda
为什么没有译文啊?这样阅读会有点困难的哦~
作者:cherry
无从下手呀
作者:xinlian
整个都不知道它在讲什么哎。。
作者:wang yuan zhi
shen me ya
boys,建议你们下载aboboo英语学习软件,能自动翻译。发音纠正等一系列功能
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