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HEALTH REPORT - Chronic Diseases an 'Impending Disaster' for Some Nations

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Margaret Chan, Director General of the World Health Organization [WHO], delivers her statement during the launch of the global plan to prevent resistance to potent malaria treatment at the WHO headquarters, Geneva, Switzerland, January 12, 2011
Margaret Chan, Director General of the World Health Organization [WHO], delivers her statement during the launch of the global plan to prevent resistance to potent malaria treatment at the WHO headquarters, Geneva, Switzerland, January 12, 2011

This is the VOA Special English Health Report.

When we think of threats to public health, we often think of communicable diseases. But experts say non-communicable diseases -- those that do not spread from person to person -- are the leading killer today. These are often the result of poor diet, environmental influences including tobacco and alcohol use, or genetics.

Now, the World Health Organization has released its first Global Status Report on Non-Communicable Diseases. In two thousand eight, they caused sixty-three percent of all deaths. And eighty percent of those deaths were reported in developing countries.

These countries are spending billions to treat conditions like cancer, heart disease and diabetes. The WHO says the costs of treating non-infectious diseases are pushing millions of people into poverty. WHO Director-General Margaret Chan says: "For some countries it is no exaggeration to describe the situation as an impending disaster ... a disaster for health, society and national economies."

Conditions that last for years are also known as chronic diseases. Population changes are driving the increase in cases. Populations in many developing countries are growing quickly and living more in cities. Aging populations also play a part. Chronic diseases become more common as people get older.

Dr. James Hospedales is a chronic disease expert at the WHO. He says chronic diseases are a major problem in big countries like the United States, India and China and across Latin America and the Mediterranean. And they are expected to become the leading cause of death in many African nations by twenty-twenty.

JAMES HOSPEDALES: "We cannot wait until we have dealt with HIV, dealt with malaria. No, it's upon us. As a matter of fact, one of the major contributors to tuberculosis going up in several countries is because diabetes is going up -- and obesity. So there is a link between diabetes and TB."

Dr. Hospedales says some middle- and low-income countries are beginning to recognize that their health policies must deal more with prevention.

JAMES HOSPEDALES: "We estimate in WHO that over thirty million lives can be saved in the next ten years by simple measures -- reducing the level of salt by fifteen to twenty percent, reducing the amount of tobacco, and increasing the number of people who are at risk of a heart attack and stroke to be on simple preventive treatment."

The WHO is the United Nations' health agency. The General Assembly plans to hold its first high-level meeting on the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases. The meeting will take place in New York this September.

And that's the VOA Special English Health Report. To read and listen to more health news and for English teaching activities, go to www.unsv.com. I'm Steve Ember.

网友的学习评论(13条):
作者:zhou ping
To be sick, all of us don't wish to get sick. but it is existent to pay no attention to your body health. when being sick, we ought to going treatment in time, if not, it will change as disease, so we should go to hospital to cure body as long as being sick . certainly, we often need to exercise body that improve ability of immunity , at the same time, we alse need to prevent attack of all kinds of diseases. it is best wish to hold healthy body for everyone.
作者:杨彦林
besides,there is sharp divide between the rich and the poor in treating diseases,in China,costly medical cares push people without insurance back into poverty,many patients are forced to stay at home until the situation becomes severe
yes ,i agree with you that some point .in our country especially the poor people have to go to the hospital untilw the situation becomes severe .naturally the medial cost more expensive result from the poor people have to become debtor maybe for their one's life.we hope our country's mecical refrom grow faster and faster . ensure the whole country 's people enjoy the medical insurance but not the part of the people.
作者:CiCi
Body is your own.Everyone should take care of it and protect it.Only you have a healthy body ,you will do the things that you like.Then we ought to often to do some ports and when have some thing wrong we should go to see a doctor right now.The body is the capital of revolution.
作者:viki
Health is a blessing!
作者:sour lemon
so sad...
作者:thornbird
Even you were told about these stuff, you still don't care about it. cause it is chronic, cause people are lazy uausally. that is a communicable disease exiting nowdays!
作者:Lynn
Health is very importent.we should take good care of ourshelf.
作者:rain
Yes,body is the capital of revolution!so you ought to two point: if feel unsuitable ,going to treatment at once,do not give a chance for sick turned disease.Do some exercise to improve your ability of inmunity.
随着社会的发展,健康状况不容忽视!
作者:dingtian
Chronic disease has been a majar problem in big countries, we should keep ourselves from smoking and drinking.
作者:hardboy
keeking health is the best important things in our life ...
作者:Sabrina
I read this article this morning, once more touched me deeply.Yes, we should do more exercise when we are available to keep our body in healthy condition, which is a biggest return to our family.As to the poor medical insurance , hope our country will carry out free medical service to the poor ASAP.
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