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HEALTH REPORT - Study Says AIDS Drugs Can Raise Life Expectancy in Africa

作者:Joe de Capua 发布日期:7-20-2011

Michel Sidibe, head of the United Nations AIDS agency, speaks at a conference on HIV/AIDS in Rome Sunday.
Michel Sidibe, head of the United Nations AIDS agency, speaks at a conference on HIV/AIDS in Rome Sunday.

This is the VOA Special English Health Report.

Scientists say a study in Africa shows that AIDS drugs can increase life expectancy in patients to nearly normal levels.

One of the authors was Dr. Jean Nachega of South Africa's Stellenbosch University and the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore, Maryland.

JEAN NACHEGA: The overall key finding of our study is that the patient in Africa receiving antiretroviral therapy for HIV can expect to live a near-normal lifespan."

The study was released in Rome this week at a conference of the International AIDS Society. The findings appear in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Over the last thirty years, the HIV/AIDS epidemic cut fifteen to twenty years or more from life expectancy rates in Africa. Dr. Nachega says in many countries these rates had risen sharply.

JEAN NACHEGA: "All what we've been able to gain in the past with the access to clean water, expanded immunization programs were totally reversed with the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Africa. So now we are seeing some good news that investing in antiretroviral programs, those investments are now paying off."

The study took place in Uganda. There, life expectancy at birth is an average of about fifty-five years.

The study involved twenty-two thousand patients being treated for HIV. The results were promising but were different for men and women.

At age twenty, life expectancy for men was another nineteen years. Women could expect to live thirty more years. At age thirty-five, men could expect to live to fifty-seven. Women could expect to live to sixty-seven.

Dr. Nachega says men generally start treatment later than women. By then the disease is less treatable.

JEAN NACHEGA: "Men spend more time looking for a job and spending more time away from their family to try to find a way to survive, I think may be one of the [reasons]. The second reason is obviously the issue about stigma, which is still quite affecting a majority of people in the community."

Also, programs for pregnant women mean that women have more chances to get tested for HIV and to receive treatment.

Dr. Nachega says health officials need to deal with this "gender imbalance." He supports the idea of considering treatment for HIV/AIDS as a form of prevention.

JEAN NACHEGA: "We should no longer see treatment and prevention totally separately. Treatment, by itself, it is also part of prevention. Because by treating people, and hopefully treating them earlier, they are less likely to transmit the virus to their sexual partner."

Studies also show that giving antiretroviral drugs to uninfected people can help protect them from HIV. Two studies released last week found that taking medication daily reduced the risk of infection in heterosexuals. An earlier study showed that it reduced the risk among gay men.

And that's the VOA Special English Health Report. I'm Steve Ember.

网友的学习评论(24条):
作者:Socrates
7-20-2011 9:23:21
看不懂
作者:wangdong
7-20-2011 10:29:36
没懂 要是有汉语注释就好了
作者:Jan
7-20-2011 11:40:3
爱滋病的治疗有了突破。同时也同意治疗和预防不应该分开来看,应该共同关注。
作者:Jan
7-20-2011 11:48:32
I'm very glad to know that scientist has found AIDS drags which can increase life expectancy in patients to nearly normal levels.
作者:AMY
7-20-2011 15:20:18
没看懂
7-20-2011 16:0:24
It is a good news that the AIDS drugs can increase the life expectancy in patient to nearly normal levels. It could be a great breakthrough to cure AIDS. Hope this dream will come ture in the nearly future.
作者:shanyuguri
7-20-2011 18:14:36
Very good!
作者:Sunday
7-20-2011 21:42:18
谁能告诉我应该怎么利用那个这些资料呢?就边听边看?还是要跟着读?
作者:Ruby
7-20-2011 21:52:54
I LIKE IT. BUT I CANNOT CATCH IT'S SPEED.
作者:wendy
7-20-2011 22:16:37
大体能看懂
作者:Scarly
7-21-2011 9:23:51
i am so sympathetic for the sick people.they suffer not only the pain from their own body but also the pain from the outside world. the treatment and prevention method that the medical orgnizations have been used is so good for the patient by now. all the sick people should trust the medical level, the society and themselves, if they would cooperate with doctors and be positive for the treatment, they will have a long lifespan under the effective treatment.
作者:sour lemon
7-23-2011 2:40:12
life ... don't let it pain...
作者:adearpig
7-24-2011 11:24:37
i don't think the drug will change totally the effect of the terrible disease because the people who suffer from HIV is considered as a kind of different group in humen-being society. What the news bring to them is the hope that the treatment will make them living longer, what's more, the defference between life expectancy of man and that of woman make us know that the man truly get a hard life when he devoted himself into the AIDS, no matter he is gay or not.
作者:Liza
7-24-2011 17:42:9
We should believe our scientists.
作者:wonderful
7-25-2011 16:20:52
AIDS is horrible,it is far away from us.but when i hear something about it, i am scared.science is developing.i am believe before long it will be cured.it is as same as the flu.we can make love with everybody.haha
作者:rosine
7-25-2011 17:14:17
A study in Affica shows thar HIV drug can increase life expectancy in patients to nearly normal lifespan.And evidences also show that people who take the drugs dialy can decrease the risk of infection hetersexuals.Athouth this is a good news to many HIV patients who lose their hope to the future,and it also a woderful information to thus people who want to unprotected sex with others,therefor,there will more crime of rape.
作者:dingjingwen
7-25-2011 22:23:23
没看懂
作者:dingjingwen
7-25-2011 22:24:39
为什么单词的意思都理解,但连成一个句子就不大懂了
作者:92crystal
7-26-2011 11:41:12
对于各种人名地名表示压力。。。“antiretroviral”这个词真TMD难念!!!
作者:eagle
7-26-2011 18:0:53
AIDS may be is a good thing to human.only possible.
作者:小枇杷
7-27-2011 14:21:11
HIV is terrible. I hope people in many parts of society pay more attention to the patients.
作者:promise
8-4-2011 18:6:24
fighting
作者:Candice
9-20-2011 19:34:5
I'm glad to hear the news that new drugs coming out to increase life expectancy of patients suffering from AIDS. Over the past thirty years, the HIV/AIDS epidemic brought numberless patients despair. But, with the quick development of medical science, antivirus treatment brought them a little bit hope, at least they could expect to live a few years longer. And now a more promising results of existing studies showed life expectancy could be increased to a near-normal level. What an exciting news!
作者:Candice
9-20-2011 19:34:12
However, treatment is as important as prevention. Getting antiretroviral drugs is necessary for uninfected people.
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