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WORDS AND THEIR STORIES - Nicknames for Cleveland and Detroit

作者:Shelley Gollust 发布日期:7-31-2011

The sun sets along the Detroit skyline
The sun sets along the Detroit skyline

Now, the VOA Special English program WORDS AND THEIR STORIES.

Many American cities have interesting nicknames. Nicknames can help establish the identity of a city. They can also spread pride among its citizens. But nicknames sometimes can make fun of something.

Cleveland, Ohio is a city in America's Midwest. One of its earliest nicknames was Forest City. No one knows for sure who gave it this name in the eighteen thirties. But Cleveland probably had a lot of trees. This nickname became popular among local businesses in the eighteen fifties. Today, some businesses in the Cleveland area still use Forest City in their names.

A view of Lake Erie with the Cleveland skyline in the background at Edgewater Beach in Cleveland
A view of Lake Erie with the Cleveland skyline in the background at Edgewater Beach in Cleveland

Cleveland sits next to Lake Erie, one of North America's Great Lakes. It was once a major manufacturing city. Ships used the lake for transporting goods. In the nineteen fifties, businesses called Cleveland, the Best Location in the Nation.

However, many factories closed or moved away. Cleveland had severe financial problems in the nineteen sixties and seventies. In nineteen sixty-nine, the city became famous, but not in a good way. Cleveland's Cuyahoga River caught on fire because of industrial wastes on the surface of the river. So in the nineteen seventies, the national media began calling the city The Mistake on the Lake.

Since then, Cleveland has sought to improve its image. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum opened in Cleveland in nineteen ninety-five. So the city is proud of its latest nickname, The Rock and Roll Capital of the World.

Another city in the Midwest is Detroit, Michigan. Henry Ford started the Ford Motor Company in Detroit in nineteen hundred three. Five years later, he made the first "Model T" automobile. Within ten years, Detroit was being called The Motor City. It is still the center of the automobile industry in America.

Another popular nickname for Detroit is Motown. Berry Gordy, Junior started the Motown Record Corporation in Detroit in nineteen fifty-nine. African-American singers recording for the company were extremely popular in the nineteen sixties and nineteen seventies. Their records were so successful that Detroit was also called Hitsville, USA.

(MUSIC)

This program was written by Shelley Gollust. I'm Faith Lapidus. You can find more WORDS AND THEIR STORIES at our website, www.unsv.com.

网友的学习评论(17条):
作者:yewenfei
7-31-2011 21:37:22
Cleveland sits next to Lake Erie, one of North America's Great Lakes
作者:Sara0915
8-1-2011 17:12:14
I kuow Cleveland because of Lebron James.
作者:Bella
8-2-2011 9:51:47
Nickname is really fun..
作者:Vicky
8-2-2011 20:24:12
having no thoughts about Nickname has so many meanings
作者:cindy
8-3-2011 8:42:16
Nicknames help to establish indentity of citiesand spread proud among citizens
作者:Freshair
8-4-2011 9:12:41
Also, most of Chinese cities have it's own nickname. For example, Chengdu has a nice nickname called Land of Abundance.
作者:promise
8-4-2011 20:37:24
every nickname has its story
作者:beyond
8-4-2011 22:4:31
nicknames
8-4-2011 22:10:39
so beautiful music
作者:cailyn
8-5-2011 9:33:20
nickname of a city will help people to learn more about the nation culture . namle a nickname has a story .
作者:laura
8-6-2011 12:14:48
in different time ,the city have defferent nikename that reflect the city's characteristic
作者:snowpoy
8-7-2011 10:47:3
I like American and her cities .Nickname is a identity for a city . It is history to a city ,also emtion of citizens.
作者:snowpoy
8-7-2011 10:50:36
It is still the history of cities in American
作者:kenny
8-7-2011 21:50:36
i hope have time to visit American
作者:Azura
8-13-2011 11:28:11
through nicknames ,we can see the development of the Celveland
作者:WingCheung
8-30-2011 16:20:43
There should be more nickname cities in USA,anyway,nicknames helps us remember things easily.
作者:miaomiao_0001
11-10-2011 11:42:16
really interesting
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