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WORLD NEWS - Aug 3rd, 2011

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我们勤劳的会员“Frank Suen”于2011年8月5日发布了关于这篇文章的精华帖子,全文如下:

http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2011/08/03/0030/

It is 00:30 universal time, and here is the news in Special English.

President Obama has signed a law that will cut spending and raise the nation's borrowing limit. Mr Obama signed the bill soon after the United States Senate passed it. There were just ten hours left before the government was to have run out of money for paying its debt. After the vote, Mr Obama criticised lawmakers. He said the debt crisis slowed economic recovery. He added that it should not have taken such a crisis to make lawmakers work together. Mr Obama said the bill is the first step to make ensure the country lives within its means. But he warned that further debt reduction may require big businesses and wealthy citizens to pay more taxes. Mr Obama also said the country must now deal with creating jobs for Americans still out of work.

Syrian activists and witnesses say more than 130 people have died in three days of a government campaign against dissidents. Most of the deaths took place in the city of Hama. Italy is the first European Union country to remove its ambassador from Syria for what it called the horrible repression of the civilian population. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton met with Syrian political activists in Washington. This is her first attempt to reach out to Syrian opposition members living outside the country since the start of anti-government protests.

Government troops and rebels are fighting near the western Libyan town of Zlitan. Rebel fighters there are trying to seize control of the area from forces loyal to Muammar Gaddafi. There are few reports from witnesses of the fighting. But the French News Agency says a rebel military spokesman stated that opposition fighters have moved closer to the town's center. Aljazeera however, reports that several rebel fighters said they had to pull back when government troops attacked their positions just outside Zlitan. Routers News Agency reports hospital workers as saying the clashes have killed at least seven rebels and wounded more than 60 others.

The United Nations says it expects food shortages and starvation to reach all areas of southern Somalia within the next four to eight weeks. A spokeswoman for the UN Refugee Agency said conditions will only worsen in the coming weeks as food prices increase and the dry season arrives. The agency predicts that by September, one in three children across Somalia will face starvation. The UN predicts two out of every 10,000 people will die everyday from hunger. Both conditions are necessary before the UN can officially declare a famine.

You're listening to the news in VOA Special English.

The United States has urged Pakistan to play a greater part in peace efforts in Afghanistan as foreign troops there start to withdraw after nearly ten years of war. The request came during a fourth series of talks in Islamabad attended by diplomats from Pakistan, Afghanistan and the United States. The main subject discussed at the meeting was Afghan peace with some members of the Taliban. Afghan Deputy Foreign Minister Jawed Ludin said there has been success in bringing middle and low level Taliban commanders into the peace process. But he said top Taliban leaders are not yet part of the process.

In Afghanistan, officials say an attack by suicide bombers has killed at least four people and wounded ten others in the northern city of Kunduz. The attack took place Tuesday near the buildings of two private security companies. This is the first attack since the beginning of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan. The Taliban has claimed responsibility for the attack.

Thousands of people in the Papua area of Indonesia demonstrated Tuesday to call for independence. The protests came after recent political violence that killed 21 people. Protesters marched past armed police in several cities in Papua, including the local capital, Jayapura. The demonstrators demanded of vote on independence from Indonesia. But protesters in Jayapura try to reach the parliament building, but were blocked by police. On Monday, unknown gunmen killed four people in a raid near Jayapura. A flag from an opposition group was found in the area. But the rebel group, Free Papua Movement, has denied involvement. On Sunday, 17 people died in clashes between supporters of opposing political candidates.

The United States has released documents on the failed 1961 Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba. The papers describe American negotiations to win the support of governments including Guatemala, Nicaragua and Panama. The documents were released this week by George Washington University's National Security Archive. In April, the Archive took legal action against the Central Intelligence Agency to make public five books on the official history of the invasion. The government still lists one book as secret information. The documents show American efforts to gain the cooperation of Guatemala for the operation. The CIA used Guatemala to train Cuban exiles for the invasion. Its aim was to overthrow the government of Cuban President Fidel Castro.

Scientists in the American state of Alaska have discovered the ancient remains of a rare sea creature that lived more than 200 million years ago. The almost complete fossilized skeleton belong to a creature known as thalattosaur. Only 12 other full thalattosaurs are known to exist in the world. The scientists say that when this animal died, its body settled into the ocean floor. It was preserved for nearly 220 million years.

And now briefly, here again is the major news of the hour. President Obama has signed a law that will cut spending and raise the nation's borrowing limit. Reports from Syria say more than 130 people have died in three days of a government campaign against dissidents. And the UN expects food shortages and starvation to reach all areas of southern Somalia within the next four to eight weeks.

That's the news in VOA Special English coming to you from Washington.

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作者:Frank Suen
听写稿http://www.unsv.com/forum/english/voa/special-english/2011/08/05/22041/
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