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HEALTH REPORT - A Study Looks at Environmental Influences on Children

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This is the VOA Special English Health Report.

One of the largest health studies ever done in the United States will look at environmental influences on children.

The study will examine the many environmental and genetic factors that affect the health of children and the adults they become.

Dr. Steven Hirshfeld at the National Institutes of Health is the study director. Test projects have already begun, and he says the main part of the National Children's Study will begin next year.

STEVEN HIRSHFELD: "Our goal is to understand how you can get the healthiest, most robust child to develop into a healthy and contributing member of adult society."

Researchers want to study one hundred thousand children across America. The study will collect information from before they are born until they are twenty-one years old.

A family of four spends time together reading a book. The study aims to find the effects of genetic and environmental influences.
A family of four spends time together reading a book. The study aims to find the effects of genetic and environmental influences.

There are seven centers around the country where parents can join the study. Jennifer, three months pregnant, signed up for the study at the University of California, Los Angeles.

JENNIFER: "Well, living in Los Angeles, I'm concerned, like, obviously about the pollution and the smog and that kind of stuff. And, you know, I'm also concerned about what I put in my body, like is the food genetically modified? Like, is the food organic? Like, do they add chemicals or preservatives to things and, like, how do those things have an effect on an unborn child?"

Researchers at UCLA will consider questions like these as they study four thousand children in the Los Angeles area. They also plan to study one thousand children in a rural area. The aim is to see what effect pesticides used on nearby farms might have on the children's health.

Dr. Michael Lu is one of the lead investigators at UCLA.

MICHAEL LU: "We're examining a number of very important child conditions such as asthma and autism, pre-term birth and birth defects, obesity and diabetes and various behavioral and learning problems."

The researchers will also study mental health disorders.

MICHAEL LU: "I think this study has the potential to change the way we look at childhood health and development."

The goal of the National Children's Study is to create a database that researchers around the world can use. Dr. Hirshfeld, the study director, says this information could help solve some unanswered questions.

STEVEN HIRSHFELD: "We have knowledge gaps in many of the most important factors that influence not only the health and well-being and development of children, but that begin the foundations of what could turn into chronic conditions for adults."

Findings from the study will be released as they become available. The information could lead to new policies and changes in existing laws on child health and the environment. The hope is that children can live healthier lives and grow into healthier adults.

And that's the VOA Special English Health Report, by Caty Weaver and Carol Pearson. You can watch a video about the National Children's Study at www.unsv.com. I'm Bob Doughty.

 

网友的学习评论(13条):
作者:Becky
The environment and safty of food in China should be considered by our government. Hope the producers can produce safe food according to their conscience.
作者:baima0706
We have knowledge gaps in many of the most important factors that influence not only the health and well-being and development of children, but that begin the foundations of what could turn into chronic conditions for adults.这句话不太明白啊。。。。
作者:lvjiaying1984
The environment of China's society is quite harsh. The first factor that contributes to a child's illness is the food the main part of which is industrial oil discarded by some industries. It can make the children ill eating breakfast outside because the food that they eat have been added chemicals to. Although some children can enjoy a healthy food at home, most of them choose to eat outside for breakfast because few of them have enough time to be provided with suitable food.
作者:lvjiaying1984
The second factor that contributes to a child's bad behavior is the films, especially those from Hong Kong. The films are filled with crimes and children from an early age begin to learn how to kill others by swinging a knife off the opponent's head. And children learn from each others and some of them unit together to resemble an organization that they have seen in the films. Every day, they jam together and commit bad behavior. The third factor that contributes to
作者:lvjiaying1984
a child's poor reputation is the Internet. Everybody knows that nearly all the things that you can imagine can be downloaded from the Internet, some poor, some good. Because children are more curious about new things than adults, they are more likely to be involved by A films, or the crimes which might lead them to bad behavior. And a lot of children enjoy computer on-line games. The films are filled with profanity and children can enjoy being a winner in the games where else you cannot be.
作者:lvjiaying1984
The fourth factor that contributes to the children's poor psycholog is from the teachers. When I was a junior high school student and after I had achieved something in a test that totally evidence that I was a good student, the teacher came up right to me, asking which rate you would achieve in the next examination, which off course put a lot of pressure on me, making me too nervous in the next exam to paying full attention to what I was answering. There are off course other issues
作者:lvjiaying1984
that contribute to the poor condition of the Chinese children in the Chinese society. But I think what I have wirtten is among the most substantially reasonable issues which can partially explain why children in China lead a dominant life.
作者:NicolasChao
The factors that would have influence on children's health are so many that you and me would not know how to distinguish which is the most important.But I think the most important factor is the home environment.Children live in a well-thinking-formed home can be very polite.
We have knowledge gaps in many of the most important factors that influence not only the health and well-being and development of children, but that begin the foundations of what could turn into chronic conditions for adults.试着翻译一下:我们在很多比较重要的方面还缺乏认识,这些方面不仅影响孩童的健康,幸福和发展,而且是成人慢性病的基础。
The USA research mainly focus on environmental effect on physical factor, not metal factor.So I think it is not very suitable to discuss home environment under this article.
I think goverment should take this kind of study in China too.
作者:angel
from this text, I have learned several useful words like asthma, autism, pre-term birth, birth defects,obesity and diabetes, which are used to descrip the unheathy condition of people.
作者:snowwolfljb
enironment would no doubtly affect the growth of children.
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