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WORLD NEWS - Aug 9th, 2011

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我们勤劳的会员“Frank Suen”于2011年8月11日发布了关于这篇文章的精华帖子,全文如下:

It is 00:30 universal time, and here is the news in Special English.

Share prices dropped sharply on world markets Monday, on the first day investors could react to the lowered United States credit rating. The Standard & Poor's rating agency lowered the credit rating on Friday. The Dow Jones Industrial Average was down about 5.5 percent Monday. The S&P 500 closed almost 7 percent lower. Prices on European markets were down between 3 and 5 percent. Earlier Monday, Asian markets closed between 2 and 4 percent lower. World markets also were reacting to Europe's debt crisis. Investors sold shares and put their money in other investments, such as gold and United States treasury bonds. Speaking at the White House, President Obama called for "common sense and compromise". He said the problem was a refusal to put what was best for the country ahead of political party.

Government media in Syria say President Bashar al-Assad has replaced his defence minister who is reportedly sick. General Dawoud Rajha was named to replace General Ali Habib. It is the most major change in government since Syrians began calling for reforms early this year. Syria has been under increasing pressure from its Arab neighbors to end its deadly efforts to stop the rebellion. Also on Monday, Bahrain and Kuwait ordered their ambassadors to return from Syria to protest Syrian violence against protesters. Saudi Arabia ordered the return of its ambassador on Sunday for the same reason. Saudi King Abdullah called for an end to what he described as Mr Assad's "killing machine."

Libya's rebel leader is reorganizing the leadership of his temporary government in an effort to ease tensions over the killing of the rebels' military chief. A spokesman for the Transitional National Council says Mahmoud Jibril, the rebels' temporary prime minister, has been asked to form a new group of top ministers. The rebel council has been criticised for the targeted killing of rebel military chief General Abdel Fattah Younes late last month. His death is considered a problem for the rebels and possible evidence of fighting within the group. The council says it has formed a committee to investigate the death.

A newspaper in Iran says the country's first nuclear power center will not start operating later this month as planned. The newspaper says Iranian lawmakers blame the delay on the Russian company which is building the center. Russia began working on it in 1995. An Iranian lawmaker says costs have increased because the agreement with the Russian company does not include a limit on spending, or a date for completing the project.

President Obama has approved 2229805 million in new aid to fight extreme dry conditions and starvation in East Africa. The United States has already sent about $565 million in aid to Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya. Tens of thousands of people have died in those countries due to a severe lack of rain and food. The United Nations says more than 12 million people need aid. Jill Biden, the wife of U.S. Vice President Joe Biden, is in Kenya. She is leading a team that will consider ways to help those suffering because of the severe dry weather.

You're listening to the news in VOA Special English.

NATO is investigating the cause of a helicopter crash in central Afghanistan Saturday, that killed 38 coalition members. NATO spokesman Brigadier General Carsten Jacobsen said the crash area was being secured and that no one would be permitted to enter the area during the investigation. The helicopter went down during an anti-Taliban operation in Wardak province. The Taliban said it had shot the aircraft down. NATO says the helicopter was hit by a rocket. Thirty American troops, seven Afghan soldiers and an Afghan language expert were killed.

Pakistani military officials say they are concerned about continuing violence in the city of Karachi. More than 200 people were killed in ethnic and political fighting in the southern port city in July. The government has sent additional security forces to Karachi. Interior Minister Rehman Malik also told news reporters that officials will work to reduce the number of illegal weapons in the city. Karachi is the economic center of Pakistan, 18 million people live there.

British Prime Minister David Cameron is ending his vacation in Italy to deal with some of London's worst rioting in over 25 years. Buildings, cars and bus stops were set on fire. Police fought with young people for a third night Monday in several areas. Stores and restaurants were robbed and police were hit with homemade gasoline bombs. The violence started after police shot and killed a 29-year-old man in the economically depressed neighborhood of Tottenham late last week. News reports say a peaceful demonstration marking his death exploded into violence when police attempted a stop and search operation.

In Ukraine, riot police have clashed with supporters of detained opposition leader Yulia Tymoshenko, after a court rejected requests for her release. Thousands of supporters waved flags and shouted "Yulia, we are with you." They broke through a police line as officers tried to clear a path for a vehicle to drive her away from the court. Ms Tymoshenko is accused of abusing her powers as prime minister two years ago when she negotiated a natural gas deal with Russia. Government lawyers say Ukraine lost 2229890 million in the deal. Ms Tymoshenko denies the charges against her.

And now briefly, here again is the major news of this hour. Share prices dropped sharply on world markets Monday, on the first day investors could react to the lowered United States credit rating. Government media in Syria say President Bashar al-Assad has replaced his defence minister. And in Libya, the leader of the rebel Transitional National Council is reorganizing his temporary government.

That's the news in VOA Special English, coming to you from Washington.

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作者:Frank Suen
听写稿http://www.unsv.com/forum/english/voa/special-english/2011/08/11/22298/
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