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WORLD NEWS - Aug 10th, 2011

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我们勤劳的会员“Frank Suen”于2011年8月11日发布了关于这篇文章的精华帖子,全文如下:

It is 00:30 universal time, and here is the news in Special English.

Top officials of the American central bank have voted to keep an important interest rate very low until at least the middle of 2013. Federal Reserve officials have expressed concern that the American economy is recovering slowly and that the labor market is weaker than they expected. Since December of 2008, the interest rate has been between zero and one-quarter of one percent. The Federal Reserve hopes the low rates will lead to more borrowing and spending to increase the economy.

Turkey and other nations have made new appeals to Syria to stop violence against political dissenters. Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu says he discussed ways to end the violence with Syrian President Bashar al-Assad in Damascus Tuesday. Syria's state-run news agency reported that during the meeting, Mr Assad said his country will not stop attacking what he called "armed terrorist groups." The president has defended his attacks on dissidents, saying it is a national duty to deal with what he calls "outlaws" who block roads and scare people. Separately, human rights groups say Syrian forces with tanks pushed into the Hama area Tuesday and also raided several villages near the Turkish border. Rights activists say government attacks Tuesday killed at least 30 people. Activists say Syrian forces have killed hundreds of people in recent days.

The United States is praising a decision by Libya's rebels to reorganize their leadership. A State Department spokeswoman said Tuesday that the opposition Transitional National Council is trying to prove to Libyans its leadership is democratic. She says the United States welcomes the goal of the council's leader, Mahmoud Jibril, to form a new leadership committee as quickly and as openly as possible. On Monday, the opposition group dismissed its leaders to ease tensions over the killing last month of General Abdel Fattah Younes. His death is considered to be a sign of disagreement within the group. More than 30 countries have recognized the opposition council as Libya's temporary government.

The World Food Program says it is speeding up efforts to provide aid to the Horn of Africa. Twelve million people urgently need aid because of a severe lack of food and rain. Tuesday the group said it is starting the first of nine airlifts of food to Mombasa, Kenya. From there, food will be sent to people across the area. In other news, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization says it is very concerned about Somalis leaving their homes in search of food and water. The agency says the Somalis are crowding refugee camps and leaving behind farms without planting new crops.

You're listening to the news in VOA Special English.

London was quiet for the first time Tuesday after three nights of riots. However, violence broke out in the northern city of Manchester. Witnesses say hundreds of young people broke windows, robbed stores, and burned buildings in Manchester. More violence was also reported for a second night in Birmingham. In London, 16,000 police officers were brought in to keep the peace. Many stores closed early. Many workers left the city for home long before nightfall. Prime Minister David Cameron promised to return order and punish those responsible for the violence. One person died in the rioting. Most of the 58 people who were injured were police officers. The violence started last week after police shot and killed a man in the poor neighborhood of Tottenham.

President Obama visited the eastern state of Delaware Tuesday to honor 30 American troops killed in a helicopter crash in Afghanistan. Two military planes delivered the remains from Afghanistan earlier Tuesday. Families of the dead attended a ceremony marking the arrival of the remains at Dover Air Force Base. The Defense Department closed the event to the media. Seven Afghan soldiers and an Afghan interpreter were among the 38 killed when the helicopter crashed Saturday in Wardak province. Militants claimed responsibility for the crash. But NATO says it does not know the exact cause of the crash. It is investigating.

In Iran, state media are reporting that militants have attacked Iranian security forces in the area of West Azerbaijan. The attack killed five officers. Iranian television says people in the town of Maku held a funeral for the five officers Tuesday. There has been fighting in recent weeks between Iranian government forces and Kurdish rebels from the Party of Free Life of Kurdistan. Iran has said its forces have killed more than 20 rebels [since] launching an offensive against the group last month. Details of the fighting cannot be independently confirmed as few outside observers can travel to the Iranian border area.

In Chile, thousands of students have clashed with police over the education policies of President Sebastian Pinera. Officers used tear gas and water guns Tuesday in Santiago to break up crowds of demonstrators demanding education reform. Students threw objects at police and set vehicles on fire. Police estimated that at least 60,000 people gathered for the protest. Last week, another protest led to the arrests of at least 800 people. Many students are critical of the high cost of education and difficult university entrance requirements. They also say the system does not receive enough money. President Pinera announced cuts in the education budget earlier in the year.  He has called on students to reach a negotiated agreement with the government based on his proposals.

And now briefly, here again is the major news of this hour. The American central bank has voted to keep interest rates very low until at least the middle of 2013. Turkey and other nations have made new appeals to Syria to stop violence against political dissenters. And the World Food Program says it is speeding up efforts to provide aid to the Horn of Africa.

That's the news in VOA Special English from Washington.

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作者:Frank Suen
听写稿http://www.unsv.com/forum/english/voa/special-english/2011/08/11/22301/
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