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EDUCATION REPORT - How Much Should a Teacher's Job Depend on Test Scores?

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This is the VOA Special English Education Report.

Students in Washington, DC, will return to classrooms this month to begin a new school year. But at least five percent of their teachers will not return with them. Last month, the District of Columbia public schools told two hundred six teachers that they are not good enough to stay.

The school system dismissed seventy-five teachers last year. It was the first year of a new teacher rating system.

Experts say such large numbers of dismissals are rare in American schools. But in Washington the rating system is not governed by the labor contract with the teachers union. So school officials have more freedom.

Michelle Rhee, who resigned last year as chancellor of the Washington, DC, public schools, created the IMPACT system
Michelle Rhee, who resigned last year as chancellor of the Washington, DC, public schools, created the IMPACT system

The system is called IMPACT. Teachers are observed in the classroom five times a year for at least thirty minutes each time. They are also judged by student test scores.

Administrators rated sixty-five of the two hundred six teachers as "ineffective." The others lost their jobs because they were rated "minimally effective" for a second year.

The National Council on Teacher Quality is a research group that works to increase the number of effective teachers. Emily Cohen, a policy director there, says the council supports the IMPACT system.

EMILY COHEN: "This is an evaluation instrument that is finally able to capture who is highly effective and who is ineffective and who could be doing better and could use some assistance. Most evaluation instruments in the country do not capture teacher performance -- all teachers are rated satisfactory."

Some Washington teachers say their ratings depend too heavily on test scores. For some teachers, half of their rating is based on how well their students do. But Emily Cohen says test scores are important.

EMILY COHEN: "Testing is probably one of the -- it's the most objective data that we have on teacher performance. The District also is looking at other things, using master educators to evaluate teachers. So it's not just looking at student test performance, it is using other sources of data."

Teachers with the highest rating -- "highly effective" -- can receive a performance bonus of up to twenty-five thousand dollars. In addition, they can receive a pay increase.

Almost sixty percent of the teachers who were rated "minimally effective" last year stayed in the school system and improved. School officials say these teachers received help to become better.

Michelle Rhee created the IMPACT system. She gained national attention for her aggressive reform efforts when she led the troubled school system in the nation's capital. She left last year and her deputy, Kaya Henderson, took her place.

The Washington Teachers Union says IMPACT unfairly hurts teachers who work in schools with high rates of poverty. The Washington Post reported that most of the teachers with the highest rating work in schools with lower poverty rates.

And that's the VOA Special English Education Report. I'm Christopher Cruise.

网友的学习评论(12条):
作者:Obamao
The Washington Teachers Union says IMPACT unfairly hurts teachers who work in schools with high rates of poverty 是神马意思?
作者:Youncy
Teachers are in pooverty both in China and America.And the job is estimated both by students and schools.It shows that the conditions of teachers are difficult in America as well as in China.Who says it is easy to teach for a teacher and freedom to learn for a student in America.May be true in universities,but not in schools for sure.
作者:lvjiaying1984
There are some differences between the elementary and high school systems of teaching and the college systems of teaching. As a teacher who teaches in elementary and high school, the rating to judge how well a teacher performs largely depends on how well their students perform on tests. Whereas as a college teacher, the most important thing to be recognized as a competent teacher is the papers they write to evidence how much knowledge they have in their minds. The elementary and high school
作者:lvjiaying1984
systemin China pays too much attention to the results of the tests,which is considered one of the most important reasons that contribute to the students committing suicide in an early age. The College Entrance College Examination is considered the only way to succeed in life by a number of people. In order to enter the best universities, some people who have a lot of money, try their best to transplant to some areas, like Beijing and Tianjin
作者:lvjiaying1984
where the score to enter the same university is quite small compared with that of Hebei. I have a classmate who succeeded in entering the best university of China, Tsinghua university after he became a civilian of Beijing by spending a lot of money. My family is poor and my father cannot pay the so much money for me on the transplanting to Beijing. If I had been able to transplant to Beijing, there had been a large chance that I could also enter the best university of China.
作者:lvjiaying1984
Some people complain that the examination used to check how well a student performs should be abolished. But if the examination were abolished, how can it be known how much the students have learned, and how well the teachers perform. In high school, how well a teacher performs largely depends on the test result the students got in an examination. I don't agree with this, because the most talented teachers don't necessarily perform well at teaching.
作者:Edwiess
Administrators rated sixty-five of the two hundred sixteachers as "ineffective."谁能翻译一下,谢谢。
作者:Edwiess
The Washington Teachers Union says IMPACT unfairly hurts teachers who work in schools with high rates of poverty. The Washington Post reported that most of the teachers with the highest rating work in schools with lower poverty rates。我看不懂。请高人翻译翻译如何?谢谢。
作者:Edwiess
谁能给翻译一下这篇文章,我将感激不尽。
作者:Edwiess
我的qq是470770164
作者:Enson
It's very important for official to execute teacher rating system,which could improve the teaching quality,evidently, this was not a unique standard to judge a teacher's performance,maybe we should take similar measures in China,some teacher with a conservative mind,and younger teacher can't enter into the teacher system until they retired at their 55s or60s,in the last analysis,educational system was ineffective...
作者:cherish
管理层把206位教师中的65名评定为"教学无效级".
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