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ECONOMICS REPORT - Germany, France Seek 'True European Economic Government'

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French and German leader attend a meeting Tuesday in Paris to discuss how to deal with Europe's debt crisis
French and German leader attend a meeting Tuesday in Paris to discuss how to deal with Europe's debt crisis

This is the VOA Special English Economics Report.

Eleven countries first began to use the euro in nineteen ninety-nine. Today seventeen of the twenty-seven members of the European Union are in the euro area.

The euro's foreign exchange value has remained strong against the dollar and other currencies. But economic growth in the euro area was only two-tenths of one percent from April to June. Europe's biggest economy, Germany, grew at half that rate.

Ireland, Portugal and Greece have all required rescues. Greece received emergency loans twice.

Debt and other problems in southern Europe remain a big concern. Last week, the European Central Bank bought more than thirty billion dollars in Italian and Spanish debt securities.

Italy and Spain have yet to recover from the worldwide recession. The purchases of their government debt helped reduce their borrowing costs, but the bank will probably have to act again.

On Tuesday German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Nicolas Sarkozy met in Paris. They discussed economic governance for the euro area and cooperation on budget and tax policies. Chancellor Merkel said, "We want France and Germany to move closer in terms of fiscal integration." President Sarkozy agreed that the two neighbors must move closer on budget issues.

Their proposal calls for a "true European economic government." It would include the leaders of the seventeen euro countries and would be led by the European Union president. The current president is Herman Van Rompuy of Belgium.  The group would meet at least twice a year.

One goal would be to control budget deficits for euro area countries.  Rules limit the deficits of EU members to three percent of the size of their economies. But many members, including France, have bigger deficits than that.

The two leaders also proposed a tax on financial dealings in Europe. But they did not support the idea of euro bonds. These would be loans guaranteed by all euro countries instead of only the governments seeking them.

The European Commission says it supports the French and German proposals. The commission proposes and enforces legislation for the EU. On Wednesday, EU spokesman Olivier Bailly said the calls for an economic government were a step in the right direction.

OLIVIER BAILLY: "We already mentioned the need to strengthen the economic part of the economic and monetary union.  What is happening now since the beginning of the crisis and what has been announced yesterday as a proposal by France and Germany go exactly in this direction."

But many experts question whether European countries will be willing to surrender individual powers and deal with their debt problems together.

And that's the VOA Special English Economics Report. For more business news and to learn English, go to www.unsv.com.  I'm Mario Ritter.

___

Contributing: Selah Hennessy

网友的学习评论(10条):
作者:lvjiaying1984
When I was a child, only seven years old, in summer my mother would give me two tenth of one yuan to buy a drink containing a kind of chemical which resembles the sugar, but which is different from sugar because it can only make the drink sweeter without the right effect on the body. But at that time, that was really the fun. I enjoyed the drinking of this kind of drink which seemed to have sugar in it. But as time passed by, the rank of the drink was improved as well.
作者:lvjiaying1984
Now although the country is suffering from inflation, my life is also being improved. Now as for drink, I can buy the top-ranked drinks such as coca Cola, sprite and some others like that. And because the economy is market-driven which means a lot of people compete with each other to reach the top of the ranks where they can sell more products and earn more money which is called profit. Nowadays, you cannot only enjoy the fresh feeling of taking a bottle of coca cola, but also you can
作者:lvjiaying1984
drink other kinds of drinks, such as the various teas produced by some companies who want to colonize the territory of their own about drinking. There are other companies who pitched their purpose in the drink which can help people recover somewhat. There is a kind of drink which is called Wanglaoji cool tea the flavor of which is not quit tasty, but which is said that it can contribute a lot to people's health. So people jump in to buy this kind of drink. And the company
作者:lvjiaying1984
does create a chance to earn a lot of money and the potential for more money is also tantalizing. Nowadays the things the price of which is on the rise are mostly the foods, especially the pork. It has grown up to about twice as much as it used to be two years ago and what I am concerned about it is that it is still increasing. Perhaps one day we might be unable to purchase pork because its price is too high to afford. And the price of a kind of food the name of which I don't know how to
作者:lvjiaying1984
speak in English has also dramatically, from one point five yuan to three point five, doubling in ever-shortening cycles. Other things such as the computer software and hardware nearly stay still and because the technology in the computer industry is developing and some old-fashioned devices have gone out of fashion and are dumped into the refuse sites. So that although nearly everything in the market is on the rise, the price of the computer hardware and software is decreasing.
作者:lvjiaying1984
I have the idea of buying a better computer which can run windows 8 freely and luckily for the economic environment, I can buy a better computer with less money. I think if it is financially feasible, I will buy a person computer in the coming year with the price of five thousand yuan the price of which is relatively high.
作者:凯恩
Nowadays, rising prices make me pay more attention to the price of things, China itself is a developing country, but the price is higher than the developed country-the United States, I don't understand this phenomenon, can't the Party control it? Let common people of less income lead an expensive life.
作者:rain
Two tenth of one yuan是说两毛钱么?
作者:Fanny
As a college student , the financial crisis that the world confronts,especially in Europe makes me worried. I have no idea about where the world economy will go and what will it be in China. I just when I graduate from the university when the economy is crashed, which in turn do a unsastifactoral effect on the employment market. So I really wish that the government take effctive and efficient measures to dealt with this tough question.
作者:Fanny
As a college student , the financial crisis that the world confronts,especially in Europe makes me worried. I have no idea about where the world economy will go and what will it be in China. I just feared when I graduate from the university the economy is crashed, which in turn do a unsastifactory effect on the employment market. So I really wish that the governments take effctive and efficient measures to dealt with this tough question.
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