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EDUCATION REPORT - Coming to Terms With Academic Titles at US Colleges

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Students attend a lecture by Professor Michael Dubson at the University of Colorado in Boulder earlier this year
Students attend a lecture by Professor Michael Dubson at the University of Colorado in Boulder earlier this year

This is the VOA Special English Education Report.

Not everyone who teaches in a college or university is a professor. Many are instructors or lecturers. In fact, not even all professors are full professors. Many of them are assistant or associate professors or adjunct professors.

So what do all of these different academic titles mean at American colleges and universities? Get ready for a short lecture, especially if you are thinking of a career in higher education.

Professors usually need a doctoral degree. But sometimes a school will offer positions to people who have not yet received their doctorate.

This person would be called an instructor until the degree has been completed. After that, the instructor could become an assistant professor. Assistant professors do not have tenure.

Tenure means a permanent appointment. This goal of greater job security is harder to reach these days. Fewer teaching positions offer the chance for tenure.

Teachers and researchers who are hired into positions that do offer it are said to be "on the tenure track." Assistant professor is the first job on this path.

Assistant professors generally have five to seven years to gain tenure. During this time, other faculty members study the person's work. If tenure is denied, then the assistant professor usually has a year to find another job.

Candidates for tenure may feel great pressure to get research published. "Publish or perish" is the traditional saying.

An assistant professor who receives tenure becomes an associate professor. An associate professor may later be appointed a full professor.

Assistant, associate and full professors perform many duties. They teach classes. They advise students. And they carry out research. They also serve on committees and take part in other activities.

Other faculty members are not expected to do all these jobs. They are not on a tenure track. Instead, they might be in adjunct or visiting positions.

A visiting professor has a job at one school but works at another for a period of time. An adjunct professor is also a limited or part-time position, to do research or teach classes. Adjunct professors have a doctorate.

Another position is that of lecturer. Lecturers teach classes, but they may or may not have a doctorate.

And that's the VOA Special English Education Report, written by Nancy Steinbach. You and read and listen to our reports, and get information on how to study in the United States, at www.unsv.com. I'm Christopher Cruise.

网友的学习评论(11条):
作者:lvjiaying1984
The best teacher I have ever met is a pleasant-looking single woman who looked young and pretty at the time, and who was about in her early thirties. To tell the truth, I have never met a more beautiful girl in my life. She has round face, big eyes and black hair. The first day when I met her was in a classroom where the teaching of English for freshmen took place. When I met here, I cannot hide my face being red because I have never seen a more beautiful girl in my life.
作者:lvjiaying1984
I asked her a question "how old are you", wishing to make friends with her, considering whether the gap between our ages could be bridged. She simply answered:" Although I know it is impolite to ask a girl's age who hasn't been married, I don't care much about it." I was excited because I knew that time that she was still not married. I had the chance to get married to her. After this, she asked another young man from another classroom to have a look at what was happening about the computer,
作者:lvjiaying1984
perhaps something wrong with it. Another student sitting besides me asked why I hadn't asked her mobile phone number. It is a good idea, but I didn't have the courage to ask a girl's mobile phone number without knowing much about her, especially for the first time. I later came to know that she was a graduate student and had obtained the degree. I really enjoyed the way the teaching was carried out by her because she provided us with plentiful time for discussion
作者:lvjiaying1984
in which way our English could be improved. And what I remember best about her was that she was a fine teacher. She taught us the subject, but more than that, she made us like the subject and willing to study on our own. Champion, her name, the pronunciation of which resembles her Chinese name, is a good teacher with integrity and vitality. But more than that, she is beautiful enough to absorb more than expected students in her classroom.
作者:lvjiaying1984
A lot of students decided to purse the English knowledge in her classroom simply because she was a beautiful girl. I also loved the girl, but we don't match. Since I am a person suffering from anxiety and she is a competent college teacher who has gained his degree in Hong Kong university. But I do want to learn something from her. But I don't know why she refused to answer my mail. What I have mailed her was turned down automatically by the system that she set.
作者:马良
haha,loser
作者:Evan
write a article about you and her.
作者:Jennysun1984
I think she is a good teacher to teach you that not only the knowlege.She didn't answer you because she didn't want to hurt you.The love between teacher and her student is not allowed by the society.Do you think so?
作者:Roy
you are a lucky man
作者:songyanli
you are a big courage .go
作者:puppet332
maybe i think you are politely refused by her ,perhaps you'd better to find the correct way to contact us!good luck for you...
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