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HEALTH REPORT - Simple Steps Can Save Millions of Newborn Lives

作者:Vidushi Sinha 发布日期:9-14-2011

This is the VOA Special English Health Report.

The latest estimate is that more than three million babies die each year within the first month of life. A report says this is down from 4.6 million deaths in two thousand nine. Still, newborn babies represent about forty percent of all deaths in children under five years old.

Experts say five countries have the lowest survival rates: India, Nigeria, Pakistan, China and the Democratic Republic of Congo. India has one-fourth of all deaths within the first four weeks after birth.

A woman sits with her baby in an open area near a camp in Mogadishu, Somalia, earlier this summer.
A woman sits with her baby in an open area near a camp in Mogadishu, Somalia, earlier this summer.

The report is from the private humanitarian group Save the Children and the World Health Organization. Dr. Joy Lawn from Save the Children says simple actions can help save lives.

JOY LAWN: "Not delivering the baby onto a dirty surface, drying the baby, keeping the baby warm and feeding the baby straight away resulted in almost a halving of newborn deaths in very rural areas in India."

Field studies show that these simple steps could prevent at least two-thirds of deaths in newborns each year. Dr. Lawn says having trained medical workers present would also save many babies and mothers.

JOY LAWN: "If you had the health workers with the right equipment and the right drugs in these settings, definitely maternal and neonatal deaths -- child deaths -- could be halved."

And the equipment does not have to be complex. A student team at Rice University in Houston, Texas, developed a low-cost device to assist newborns with breathing problems. The device is called infantAIR. The researchers plan to test it at a hospital in Malawi, then develop training programs for nurses and hospital technicians.

The World Health Organization estimates that about fifteen hundred pregnant women die each day, or about one a minute. Millions of others suffer infections or injuries from pregnancy and childbirth.

A recent conference in Washington presented winning ideas in a competition called "Saving Lives at Birth." There were more than six hundred entries. The top honors went to Dr. Michelle McIntosh and her team at Monash University in Australia.

They plan to manufacture a dry powder containing the drug oxytocin. Oxytocin reduces the bleeding that causes twenty-five percent of all maternal deaths. The powder would be used in a spray that the mother could inhale into her lungs.

The contest organizers included the US Agency for International Development and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

There is evidence that programs to reduce newborn deaths are starting to make progress, especially in parts of South Asia. But progress is slower in Africa. The new report says Africa could need more than one hundred fifty years to reach the current survival rates in the United States or Britain.

And that's the VOA Special English Health Report.  I'm Jim Tedder.

网友的学习评论(23条):
作者:andysara
9-14-2011 14:20:36
in fact, i cant follow the slow english...... i need training....
作者:Jerry
9-14-2011 14:45:26
God blesses all the babies,they are clean and pure 。
作者:Wmongda
9-14-2011 15:7:49
some sentences was omited by the reader.
作者:打盹的鱼
9-14-2011 19:59:51
nomatter which contry he lives,we shoule pay more attention to newborn who is our forture hope
9-14-2011 20:16:17
I am sorry to hear the news.......May god blesses all the babies in the world!
作者:Sheldon
9-14-2011 22:39:37
in fact, i cant follow the slow english...... i need training
作者:ring
9-15-2011 2:3:45
There is something wrong in this reported.
作者:k.k.k
9-15-2011 7:0:44
I don't want to see another nation with china-amount population,but baby is innocent,save them just like save our future! so,i'm confused.
作者:anglemei
9-15-2011 9:34:33
I think only these countries become strong, this problem can be well solved.Sometimes, as a common people, we cann't do anything to stop this, just feel sorry to them.
作者:Amy
9-15-2011 10:2:20
The reports say more than three million babies die each year within the first month of life. I can't imagine this. And China is in the list of countries which have the lowest survival rates. Is it real?
作者:yuanqiou098
9-15-2011 12:15:32
Well,the death rate is so high that I can't imaging.But it's possible.With the low giving of food in some very poor places,children's mother haven't enough milk to feed the newborns.The plain equipment make the children feel sick every minute.It seems that,the poor the families are,the poor the childrens are.
作者:gaixn
9-16-2011 9:37:39
I also cannot believe that the list includes China.Our government never make public know sth like this.Our society is too harmonious.
作者:smartguy
9-16-2011 10:16:37
in the west part of china ,the death rate of newborn is still quite high, compred with the east part, becanse we dn't have enough hospital equippment and technicians ,the pregnent lacked of the health care info to prevent them for death infection. the chinese government still has plenty job to do .
作者:chuanchuan
9-16-2011 14:49:20
I hope everything will be well
作者:beiyanyijiu
9-16-2011 16:35:55
It is not ture!!!! VOA is a liar!!!!!! you all believe this?????VOA want to brainwash you!!!!!!!!!!!!you can google it !!!!you can seach WHO!!!!!!!!!!!!liar!!!!!! Pakistan, China ?????what about Afghanistan??Chad????Sierra Leone??????YOU are so stupid!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
作者:beiyanyijiu
9-16-2011 16:40:39
作者:smartguy2011年9月16日 10:16:37in the west part of china ,the death rate of newborn is still quite high, compred with the east part, becanse we dn't have enough hospital equippment and technicians ,the pregnent lacked of the health care info to prevent them for death infection. the chinese government still has plenty job to do .~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~stupid!!!!!you can use google! google.com or google.hk youare sostupid!
作者:beiyanyijiu
9-16-2011 16:46:51
http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2011/newborn_deaths_20110830/en/this is the report!!!!!!!!!!!
作者:beiyanyijiu
9-16-2011 16:49:17
Almost 99% of newborn deaths occur in the developing world. The new study found that in part because of their large populations, more than half of these deaths now happen in just five large countries – India, Nigeria, Pakistan, China and Democratic Republic of the Congo.~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Experts say five countries have the lowest survival rates: India, Nigeria, Pakistan, China and the Democratic Republic of Congo~~~~~~do you think it is same!!!!!!stupid!!!!光他妈知道学英语!!!
作者:beiyanyijiu
9-16-2011 16:52:2
智商啊!英语好有个屁用!!
作者:beiyanyijiu
9-16-2011 16:53:50
my email zdyzero@126.com
作者:Snail
9-16-2011 23:24:39
This is a very importana questions for human beings.
作者:xiaozhuka
9-17-2011 12:13:45
the fact of most countries , they need to take measures to do something.
作者:sunny
9-22-2011 9:39:13
Protecting our living natural environment is more important.Now food safety is a serious problem
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