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WORLD NEWS - Dec 16th, 2011

发布日期:12-16-2011

我们勤劳的会员“哈哈泰”于2011年12月16日发布了关于这篇文章的精华帖子,全文如下:

http://njedu.unsv.com/archives/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2011/12/16/0030/%7B57f45d38-af3f-4ae0-a35c-6bd5f7180374%7D/special201112160030.mp3

  1. It is zero hours 30 universal time and here is the news in special English. American Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta says the dream of an independent Iraq is now a reality. The Defense Secretary spoke Thursday at a ceremony in Baghdad marking the end of American military operations in Iraq. He called it of a historic occasion for both the Iraqi and American people. There were about 4000 American soldiers remaining in Iraq. Thursday, all of them are to be withdrawn from the country by December 31. And American diplomat is urging Afghanistan to work on resolving its problems and began preparing for a peacetime economy.
  2. Mark Grossman is the special diplomat for Afghanistan and Pakistan. He told VOA that the international community will continue to participate and invest in Afghanistan. But he said Afghans must make efforts to reform their society. These efforts include giving up violence, ending relations with Al Qaeda, and respecting human rights, especially women's rights. Mr. Grossman said Afghanistan's economy currently depends upon military spending. However, after international troops leave the country in about two years, business investment will be very important. Separately, Afghan leaders have agreed to new conditions for restarting peace talks with the Taliban. Leaders said that fighting and violence against the Afghan people must end before negotiations with the Taliban begin. They also said that the negotiations ideally should take place at an official Taliban office inside Afghanistan.
  3. China has defended its decision to increase taxes on some American cars imported into the country. The taxes will affect cars with engines of 2.5 L or more. Taxes will affect General Motors, Chrysler, BMWs, American manufacturer and other companies. Chinese commerce Minister Zhou Domain spoke to reporters Thursday at the world trade organization conference in Geneva. Mr. Zhou says the taxes on imported cars are normal trade fixes. He says they are not a way for China to restrict trade. Mr. Zhou said that if anyone disagrees, they should ask WTO officials to decide.
  4. The Italian government has called for a parliamentary vote on a plan to help the country survive its debt crisis. The proposal includes spending cuts and $39 billion in higher taxes. Lower house of Parliament is expected to vote Friday. The upper house will vote next week. Some lawmakers and workers groups have spoken against the plan. But the plan is expected to be approved, because Prime Minister Mario Monti's government has strong support in both houses.
  5. You are listening to the news in VOA special English.
  6. American lawmakers have approved legislation that includes details about how terrorist suspects will be detained. The Senate approved the bill Thursday. The House approved it Wednesday. The bill will now go to President Obama to be signed into law. The measure requires members of Al Qaeda to be held by the military if they are captured when planning to attack the United States, unless the president makes an exception suspected terrorists, even if they are American citizens are not guaranteed a trial. The bill also stops some aid to Pakistan until that country shows that it is helping to fight the use of small homemade bombs was used to attack coalition soldiers. And the bill increases restrictions on Iran.
  7. President Obama is promising that people who take care of sick and older people will be paid fairly. He said there are nearly 2,000,000 home workers in the United States. He said many older Americans cannot live without them. The president spoke Thursday in Washington. American laws do not require home workers to earn standard wages. Home workers are also not guaranteed additional money if they work longer hours. President said some companies pay home workers fairly, but others, he said, do not leave. Obama's administration says 92% of home workers are women, 30% are black, 12% are Hispanic, and almost 40% of them received government aid.
  8. The United Nations world food program and other aid agencies are warning of a possible food crisis in West Africa. The agencies estimate more than 11 million people face food shortages, poverty and poor nutrition, because of dry weather and poor harvests. The groups this week urged donors to act quickly, and prevent the crisis from turning into a further. United Nations world food program says about 2,700,000 people in South Sudan will need food aid next year. The agency announced Thursday it is increasing operations in the newly independent country to feed those people in need. Unpredictable rains in South Sudan have caused crops to fail and food prices to rise. The world food program said the problem has been made even worse by fighting along the border between South Sudan and Sudan. The border has been closed in some areas harming trade causing food supplies to shrink.
  9. South Africa has opened a memorial at a place where anti-apartheid prisoners were once executed. President Jacob Zuma spoke at a ceremony at the memorial in Pretoria on Thursday. He said more than 130 political prisoners had been hanging there. Some were hanged as they sang anti-apartheid songs. Official said more than 3500 people were hanged at the site. Mr. Zuma said the apartheid government considers the prisoners terrorists. But to their families and others he said, they were freedom fighters.
  10. Briefly here again is the major news.
  11. The United States has officially marked the end of American military operations in Iraq. The Italian government has called for a parliamentary vote on a plan to help the country survive its debt crisis. And American lawmakers have approved legislation that includes details about how terrorist suspects will be detained. And that's the news in VOA special English coming to you from Washington.
该帖于2011年12月19日 15:21:00时被版主Jerry推荐为给力好帖,获得100积分奖励!如何赚积分?

如果你想参与该帖讨论,请访问:World News-2011年12月16日

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