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IN THE NEWS - Kim, Havel: Remembering Two Very Different Leaders

作者:Michael Bowman and Robert Raffaele 发布日期:12-24-2011

Former US Secretary of State Madeleine Albright delivers a speech during the state funeral of former Czech President Vaclav Havel in Prague, Czech Republic
Former US Secretary of State Madeleine Albright delivers a speech during the state funeral of former Czech President Vaclav Havel in Prague, Czech Republic

This is IN THE NEWS in VOA Special English.

Kim Jong Il and Vaclav Havel died one day apart, strange timing for two such different lives.

Mr. Kim was the second-generation communist ruler of North Korea. Mr. Havel was a writer and dissident who led the anti-communist revolution in Czechoslovakia in nineteen eighty-nine.

He was born in Prague three years before World War Two started. Communists seized power in nineteen forty-eight. They denied him a university education because his parents were wealthy.

Mr. Havel wrote plays in the early nineteen sixties that gained an international following. Then came the invasion of his homeland in nineteen sixty-eight. Troops from the Soviet-led Warsaw Pact invaded the country after an effort at political reforms known as the Prague Spring. Officials seized Mr. Havel's passport when he protested.

Later, his human rights activities led to years of prison and house arrest. But, in the end, he led his country's "Velvet Revolution" as the communist governments of Eastern Europe collapsed.

Mr. Havel was elected president and supervised Czechoslovakia's move to a free-market economy and democracy. The country peacefully split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia in nineteen ninety-three. Mr. Havel was elected president of the Czech Republic two times and held the position until two thousand three.

A few years later, as a visiting scholar at New York's Columbia University, he told students that it was important to challenge oppression with the truth.

VACLAV HAVEL: "Truth and morality could have stronger power than weapons."

Vaclav Havel died last Sunday of respiratory problems at the age of seventy-five. On Friday, world leaders attended his funeral at the end of a week of honors. The American delegation included Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and her husband, former President Bill Clinton.

Kim Jong Il's funeral is set for Wednesday in Pyongyang. North Korea waited two days to announce his death. It said he died Saturday of a heart attack during a "field guidance tour" on his train. He was sixty-nine years old.

The body of North Korean leader Kim Jong Il is laid in a memorial palace in Pyongyang, North Korea
The body of North Korean leader Kim Jong Il is laid in a memorial palace in Pyongyang, North Korea

On Thursday, North Korea officially recognized his youngest son, Kim Jong Un, as the country's next leader.

Kim Jong Il expanded North Korea's nuclear program while millions of his people were starving. His forces tested nuclear weapons and launched missiles. His actions deeply worried his neighbors and the United States.

Kim Jong Il rarely appeared in public. He had led North Korea since his father died seventeen years ago. North Korea has the world's fifth largest army. But the economy suffered as the North faced natural disasters. It also faced the loss of aid after the official end of the Soviet Union twenty years ago this Sunday.

Bruce Klingner is senior research fellow for northeast Asia at the Heritage Foundation in Washington.

BRUCE KLINGNER: "His legacy will be of an impoverished nation where a million or more of his citizens died of starvation and starvation-related diseases in the mid-nineties, because North Korea was reluctant to allow aid to come into his country. His legacy will be of a brutal regime that used gulags, hundreds of thousands of people languished in concentration camps in his country."

And that's IN THE NEWS in VOA Special English. I'm Christopher Cruise.

网友的学习评论(8条):
作者:alina
12-24-2011 12:33:34
Kim Jong Il have devoted so many energy to nuclear program and national army,and their country are the fifth largest army in the world. Why they are reluctant to save their people from starve.maybe I should ackonwledge the history carefully
作者:东方至尊
12-25-2011 16:56:12
From the top line of media, we can find one strange phenomomenon that is filled with contradiction.Chinese central government said: death of King Jone Il is great loss to china and north korea, even to the world. But for the chinese people, few people few sad, who can tell me why?
作者:Jane
12-25-2011 16:58:29
I think if kim jong il attach importance to economy ,north korea open to world.his people must understand his policy is stupid
作者:Simon Li
12-25-2011 21:46:14
I'm sure North Korea people will re-comment to Kim Jong II 5 or 10 years later. There will be some comment totally diffrernt views arise.
作者:hunter
12-26-2011 11:9:14
Kim, dictator's death is the biggest contribution to the world.
作者:zhang polo
12-28-2011 22:31:35
i very sad to the north korea people,in the country people can not us mobile phone and internet,even do not know anything were been chaged. but,kim was died,so a new brand day coming
作者:snowwolfljb
12-29-2011 9:20:37
i haven't the courage to challenge oppression
作者:greatyuling
1-4-2012 12:20:24
History will prove all of this!Who is GREAT and who is not!
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