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WORLD NEWS - Sep 14th, 2012


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From Washington, here is the news in VOA Special English.

Libyan officials say they have made arrests in the killing of the American ambassador to Libya. Chris Stevens was killed during an attack on American consulate Tuesday. Three consulate workers were also killed. The arrests came as hundreds of people entered the grounds of the American embassy in the Yemeni capital Sana’a. They set fire to embassy vehicles. Guards use water cannons and warning shots to try to force them out of the area. Many people are protesting a film that criticizes Islam and the prophet Mohammed. The film was made in the United States. There were protests in Cairo, Tehran, Baghdad and Dhaka. More protests are planned for Friday in Yemen, Afghanistan and Pakistan. American Secretary of State Hillary Clinton strongly criticized the film. “This video is disgusting and reprehensible. It appears to have a deeply cynical purpose to denigrate a great religion and to provoke rage. But as I said yesterday, there is no justification, none at all, for responding to this video with violence.” Reports say Afghan President Hamid Karzai has postponed trip to Norway because of the violent protests over the anti-Islam film. Norway’s Foreign Ministry said it was informed by the Afghan Foreign Ministry that Mr. Karzai’s visit set for Friday has been delayed. The Foreign Ministry said the Afghan leader finds it necessary to remain in Afghanistan in light of the Syria’s events in some Arab countries recently.

Nigeria’s police chief has ordered increased security at all foreign offices in the country. The move follows the violent protests at American embassies in the Middle East. Islamist radical group Boko Haram has carried out many deadly attacks across Northern and Central Nigeria in the past three years. Last August, the group attacked the United Nations office in Abuja. The American embassy in Abuja has warned that extremists may target American citizens and other Westerners in Nigeria. Last week, Boko Haram threatened to attack employees of the Voice of America in Nigeria.

The new United Nations Arab League diplomat for Syria is in the Syrian capital Damascus for his first official visit. Lakhdar Brahimi met with Syrian Foreign Minister Walid Muallem Thursday. He plans to speak with President Bashar al-Assad on Friday. He is also expected to meet with the Syrian opposition which is trying to overthrow Mr. Assad. Mr. Brahimi is trying to put in place a ceasefire and also start talks on forming a new government. He has called his job nearly impossible. He says the crisis is getting worse. During a visit to Iraq on Thursday, British Foreign Secretary William Hague said the Syrian government is doomed.

You are listening to the news in VOA Special English.

Police in Pakistan have charged the owners of a factory in Karachi with murder after a fire Tuesday in which almost 300 people died. The announcement came as funerals were being held across Karachi Thursday for the identified victims of the fire. Pakistani Interior Minister Remand Malik confirmed that 264 people were killed in the fire at a clothing factory. The cause of the fire is being investigated. Many of the dead were found in the factory’s lowest level. Police say they were trapped because the building had no emergency exits. Others jumped out of windows to escape the flames and smoke.

Ethiopia’s ruling coalition says it will choose a new prime minister at a meeting that is to begin Friday. The Council of the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front is set to hold a two-day meeting in Addis Ababa where it will pick a new chairperson. A spokesman tells VOA the chairperson will, in his words, most likely be Ethiopia’s new prime minister as well. Meles Zinawi led Ethiopia for 21 years before his death last month from an unidentified illness. Officials had said Deputy Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn would replace Mr. Meles. But Mr. Hailemariam was never sworn-in.

Chinese state media have reported on leader-in-waiting Xi Jinping for the first time since he mysteriously disappeared from public life 12 days ago. The official Guangxi Daily said Wednesday that Mr. Xi expressed regret to the family of a Communist Party official who died last week. In the past week, the 59-year-old leader has cancelled meetings with four visiting diplomats including American Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. Chinese officials have remained silent on the condition of Xi Jinping. He is expected to be named the country’s top leader in coming weeks.

The American Central Bank took action Thursday to try to strengthen the weak economy.

The Federal Reserve said it would buy $40billion in securities every month. The securities would be backed by real estate loans. It is the bank’s latest effort to make the economy grow and cause employers to add workers. The American economy is the world’s largest. The Federal Reserve said it expects the economy to grow no more than 2% this year. But the bank said it could grow 3% next year and almost 4% in 2014. The bank also said it planned to keep its lending rate near 0% through the middle of 2015.

The American Commerce Department says the fishing industry in the northeastern part of the country needs financial help. The department’s declaration Thursday means the industry may receive up to 3050600million in financial help. Supplies of such fish as cod and flounder are very low. This has hurt the ability of fishermen to make money. Experts say the populations are not rebuilding fast enough. They blame the problem in part on over-fishing. But fishermen say federal rules that limit how much fish they can catch are hurting them.

Here again is the top news.

Libyan officials say they have made arrests in the killing of the American ambassador to Libya. Nigeria’s police chief has ordered increased security at all foreign offices in the country after violent protests at American embassies in the Middle East. And Ethiopia’s ruling coalition says it will choose a new prime minister on Friday.

That’s the news in VOA Special English.

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