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HEALTH REPORT - How to Stay Warm and Safe in Freezing Weather

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Snow along Broadway in New York City on December 27 after a blizzard dropped up to 74 centimeters of snow in the northeastern United States. The storm limited travel at the end of the busy Christmas weekend.
Snow along Broadway in New York City on December 27 after a blizzard dropped up to 74 centimeters of snow in the northeastern United States. The storm limited travel at the end of the busy Christmas weekend.

From VOA Learning English, this is the Health Report in Special English.

Freezing weather can mean frostbite and hypothermia unless a person is prepared. Today we talk about how to stay warm, dry and safe.

Frostbite is damage that happens when skin is exposed to extreme cold for too long. It mainly happens on the hands, feet, nose and ears.

People with minor cases of frostbite that affect only the skin may not suffer any permanent damage. But if deeper tissue is affected, a person is likely to feel pain every time the area gets cold.

If blood vessels are damaged, people can suffer a gangrene infection. Sometimes the only way doctors can treat an injury like this is to remove frostbitten areas like fingers and toes.

Hypothermia is a condition that develops when the body cannot produce as much heat as it releases. Signs of hypothermia include uncontrollable shaking, very slow breathing and difficulty thinking clearly. Hypothermia can lead to death if the person does not receive help.

To avoid cold-related injuries, here is a simple way to remember four basic steps to staying warm. Think of COLD -- C.O.L.D.

The C stands for cover. Wear a hat and scarf to keep heat from escaping through the head, neck and ears. And wear mittens instead of gloves. In gloves, the fingers are separated, so the hands might not stay as warm as they would in mittens.

The O stands for overexertion. Avoid activities that will make you sweaty. Wet clothes and cold weather are a dangerous combination.

L is for layers. Wearing loose, lightweight clothes, one layer on top of another, is better than wearing a single heavy layer of clothing. Make sure outerwear is made of material that is water-resistant and tightly knit.

D is for dry. In other words, stay as dry as possible. Pay attention to the places where snow can enter clothing. These include the tops of boots, the necks of coats and the wrist areas of mittens or gloves.

And here are two other things to keep in mind -- one for children and the other for adults. Eating snow might be fun but it lowers the body's temperature. And drinking alcohol might make a person feel warm. But what it really does is weaken the body's ability to hold heat.

Next week on the Health Report: advice from experts about what to do, and not to do, to help someone who is injured by cold weather.

网友的学习评论(14条):
作者:wendywan
The weather in our place is not so cold as it is in the north and west, but it gets colder and colder. The four baisc steps of staying warm is very useful. They must be helpful to face the exreme cold.
作者:Jefferson Liu
There are no heating installations in the south of China in the winter,but with these four suggestions,we may live better,therefore,thanks.
作者:Candice
I think we all have a cold winter this year. So this article is very useful to us. Many of us suffered frostbite before. The damage area can be swelling, purple and painful. Therefore, it is improtant to konw how to stay warm, dry and safe in this freezing weather. The four basic steps--C-O-L-D can be helpful. This means: wear hats, scarf and mittens; keep doing activities; wear several layers of loose, lightweight clothes; and stay dry by preventing snow from entering clothing.
作者:Candice
Except for these, remember two other things: do not eat snow for fun and do not drink alcohol, which could receive adverse effects.
作者:psq1974
today is cold.
作者:Tony66
its too useful!
作者:Mr yang
The weather in our place is very strange these years.I have not saw snow for a long time.In fact,I miss winter haveing snow.Althoug I always was frostbited playing the snow at that time,but I stilldesire the winter can snow.Because the winter of no snow is not like really winter.
作者:Cynthia
Wearing a hat and scarf can help you hold the heat in your body. For the men , that is also necessary.
作者:Tracysong
Ooooh,it's so useful for us when we meet cold weather.
In GuangDong of China, the weather is not so cold all along, we like it and used to live here.
作者:Xingguo Zhu
it is very useful
作者:horsebobo
thanks for the good advice, and we should fully prepare for the extrem condition, not just cold weather.
作者:jinxiuqi
The four steps are really useful for the people live in north of China.My hometown is belong to south and I study in north,so I know the northern extreme cold weather .In the north,if you stay out for one hour and without scarf and gloves,you would dare not touch you ears and nose,you feel that them just as very frailty biscuit.In the south,you need not worry about the cold weather.It is suitable even in the winter.
作者:Lisa
As the winter is coming in corner, it's essential for us to take action to keep warm. The four methods mentioned in the article may be very useful for most people. However, my hands and feet are all cold in winter no matter how I try to keep them warm. Even if I were in the room with air-conditioning , I still feel cold. Guess this winter will be a trying time for me once again! Looking forward to the spring!(英语1 厉涛 07)
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