官方APP下载:英语全能特训(微信小程序版,支持苹果手机、安卓手机)
创办于2003年
UNSV记不住?那就记中文谐音“忧安思危”吧!
  Slow and Steady Wins the Race!
UNSV英语学习频道 - Slow and steady wins the race!
公众微信服务号
英语全能特训(微信公众服务号)
UNSV英语学习频道淘宝网店
客服短信:18913948480
客服邮箱:web@unsv.com
初级VIP会员
全站英语学习资料下载。
¥98元/12个月

AS IT IS - Efforts increase to prevent clashes in Nigeria

阅读次数:


VIP会员专享下载:(非VIP会员无权下载!如果想下载,但还不是VIP会员,请点此订购
下载方式:使用鼠标右键(注意是鼠标右键!)点击下面的MP3音频/MP4视频链接,然后选择“另存为…”。
MP3节目录音 MP3节目录音  PDF节目文稿 PDF节目文稿  MP3同步字幕 MP3同步字幕 
文章正文
同步字幕
People rush to the scene of explosions at a bus park in Sabon Gari, where the Islamist group Boko Haram is waging an insurgency against the government, in Kano, Nigeria, March 19, 2013.
People rush to the scene of explosions at a bus park in Sabon Gari, where the Islamist group Boko Haram is waging an insurgency against the government, in Kano, Nigeria, March 19, 2013.

From VOA LEARNING ENGLISH, welcome to AS IT IS!

Hello, I'm Steve Ember.

Today on our program: Coping with conflict in Nigeria…

Just how Chinese is Chinatown?

And Taiwan looks increasingly to immigrants to expand its economy.

First stop, Nigeria, where religion, politics, ethnicity, and economic interests all can cause often deadly conflict.

The Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta, called MEND, is a former militant group in Nigeria. It fought against oil companies and the central government over the country's oil wealth. Another group, Boko Haram, is seeking to establish its form of Islamic law in northern Nigeria.

Recently, MEND has threatened to attack Muslim interests to answer attacks by Boko Haram. But Christian leaders and former militants are urging MEND to cancel the threat. They want to prevent a religious war in the country's north. Avi Arditti has more.

MEND, or people claiming to represent it, say they will fight over religion. They say they will attack Muslim interests to answer years of attacks against Christians by Boko Haram.

Thousands of people have been killed in violence related to Boko Haram since its campaign of violence began in 2009. The group's targets have included churches, schools, government buildings, media offices and marketplaces.

Sylvester Odemapkore is a clergyman at a church in the Niger Delta. He says Christians are not the only victims of Boko Haram attacks. He says almost all the victims have been in the mostly-Muslim north. He says Muslims, Christians and non-religious people have ALL suffered.

Simeon Efenudu is a former secretary to the Delta State governor and a leader of the local ruling party. He says that in addition to urging MEND to cancel its threat, the government is reaching out itself to the former militants.

Tony Mezeeh, a lawyer, provided legal advice for MEND in the days of its campaign against oil companies. The fighting ended in 2009 with a general amnesty. He blames northern Nigeria's local leaders for organizing Boko Haram attacks. He says the attacks are meant to harm the government of President Goodluck Jonathan, a southerner.

"MEND should know that the president of the Federal Republic of Nigeria is their own brother from the Niger Delta. So anything they do they should consider that government. "

In addition to the threat, MEND last month claimed responsibility for killing 12 police officers and causing a huge oil spill. I'm Avi Arditti.

You are listening to AS IT IS. I'm Steve Ember.

People from China have been in the United States since the middle of the 1800s. Today, Chinese and other Asians are America's fastest growing minority. Almost every major city in the country has an area called "Chinatown."

They call it Grant Avenue, San Francisco, California, USA

Looks down from Chinatown, over a foggy bay…

(from "Flower Drum Song" by Rodgers and Hammerstein)

Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II wrote a Broadway musical in the late 1950s called "Flower Drum Song." It was about generational conflict in Chinese-American families in San Francisco's Chinatown. In "Grant Avenue," Pat Suzuki joyfully sang of the attractions that brought visitors to the downtown Chinese community.

A western street with eastern manners

Tall pagodas with golden banners

Throw their shadows through a lantern glow

You can shop for precious jade or teakwood tables…

From San Francisco to New York, people visit Chinatown for restaurants, grocery stores, herbal cures, and other businesses. But many Chinese have moved out of traditional Chinatown neighborhoods and now live in suburbs just outside the inner city. For example, one of the largest mainly Chinese suburbs is just outside Los Angeles, California. But such areas are very different from the old Chinatown.

[Chinese conversation and music]

Steve Wong is acting director of the Chinese American Museum in Los Angeles. He says Chinatowns in major American cities are now mainly for tourists.

"If you walk around Chinatown today in Los Angeles and many other big cities, you have these facades of Chinese-ness, which sometimes is real. Sometimes it's not. And so you have gift shops, you have Chinese food which is catering towards American tastes. I don't even call it Chinese food. I think it's very American."

But at one time, Chinatown was the only place where Chinese immigrants could live. The first Chinese immigrants arrived from southern China in the 1800s as laborers. Many worked on building America's first railroads. Then, in 1882, the United States banned Chinese immigration. Hostility toward the Chinese led to the creation of Chinatowns. Steve Wong tells about how the neighborhoods developed.

"Without being able to bring in families and women, they (Chinese men) weren't able to develop their communities. So they had to turn to the outside and create an economy based on tourism."

Min Zhou is a professor at the University of Southern California Los Angeles. In the past thirty years, Chinese immigrants from Taiwan, and then China, came to America as students – and then stayed in the United States. She describes their arrival.

"A lot of them are from middle class, they want to buy or rent houses rather than live in apartments and they also want to find good school districts. So Chinatown is not attractive to them."

AS IT IS is coming to you from VOA Learning English. I'm Steve Ember.

Before 2000, Taiwan was one of the four fastest-growing economies in East Asia. But factories have moved away since then. And China has become the leading economy in the area. Now, Taiwan is increasingly looking to immigrants to help expand its economy. Bob Doughty has our report.

Taiwan's economy is growing at a rate of less than four percent a year. This is slower than the rest of industrial Asia. Before 2000, Taiwan was growing quickly. But then, China became Asia's low-cost manufacturing center.

Now, however, Taiwan's economy is expanding because of a growing number of immigrants. Almost 450,000 Southeast Asian workers live in Taiwan today. That is an increase from 270,000 just 15 years ago. More than half of the workers come from Indonesia, and the others are mainly Thai, Filipino or Vietnamese. Migrants reach Taiwan on short-term labor agreements and are paid the lowest legal wages.

Taiwan's government eased labor laws last year to let in more workers. The move was part of a bigger directive to bring Taiwanese factories home from China, where some have operated for almost thirty years.

Liu Shao-yin is a supervisor with the Catholic Migrant Centers, a non-governmental service group for migrant workers. She says foreign labor now keeps locally owned factories at home.

LIU SHAO-YIN IN MANDARIN

She says the problem Taiwan would face is businesses moving factories to mainland China or Southeast Asia because of lower labor costs. She says that would leave few factories in Taiwan.

I'm Bob Doughty.

And that's our program for today. Remember - for the latest world news, join us at the top of the hour Universal Time for VOA News on radio and here on our web site. I'm Steve Ember. Thanks for joining us.

网友的学习评论(2条):
作者:fengdong
In the past chinatwon was the only place where chinese immigrants could live.
作者:jk---南大
The first immigrants from china to America as labor to bulding railroad in middle of 1800s,after that the surviver from the terriblre work environment stay in USA and struggle for feed family in lowest class of society,but for some reasons the government to banned the immigrants from china,so they coming togther and organized the community as now called chinatown.in my opinion that they are all heroes in their own life because of they choose the most difficult way to alive as a chinese.
版权所有©2003-2019 南京通享科技有限公司,保留所有权利。未经书面许可,严禁转载本站内容,违者追究法律责任。 互联网经营ICP证:苏B2-20120186
网站备案:苏ICP备05000269号-1中国工业和信息化部网站备案查询
广播台