官方APP下载:英语全能特训(微信小程序版,支持苹果手机、安卓手机)
创办于2003年
UNSV记不住?那就记中文谐音“忧安思危”吧!
  Slow and Steady Wins the Race!
UNSV英语学习频道 - Slow and steady wins the race!
公众微信服务号
英语全能特训(微信公众服务号)
UNSV英语学习频道淘宝网店
客服短信:18913948480
客服邮箱:web@unsv.com
初级VIP会员
全站英语学习资料下载。
¥98元/12个月

AS IT IS - 'Fracking' Changes North Dakota Landscape

阅读次数:


VIP会员专享下载:(非VIP会员无权下载!如果想下载,但还不是VIP会员,请点此订购
下载方式:使用鼠标右键(注意是鼠标右键!)点击下面的MP3音频/MP4视频链接,然后选择“另存为…”。
MP3节目录音 MP3节目录音  PDF节目文稿 PDF节目文稿  MP3同步字幕 MP3同步字幕 
文章正文
同步字幕
An oil derrick is seen at a fracking site for extracting oil outside of Williston, North Dakota March 11, 2013.
An oil derrick is seen at a fracking site for extracting oil outside of Williston, North Dakota March 11, 2013.

A new technology has brought a lot of development to rural towns on the Bakken shale formation in the northern United States. Energy companies use the technology to remove oil from the Earth through a process called hydraulic fracturing, or "fracking." The development brings risks and riches.

Six years ago, astronauts in space saw only darkness when they looked at western North Dakota and eastern Montana. But the area can now be seen from the International Space Station because of thousands of intense fires. They are the oil fields fueling a "red hot" energy industry in the United States.

Fracking has brought changes to North Dakota. It enables the removal of oil from shale deposits, like the Bakken shale formation.

The search for oil deposits has increased activity in once sleepy towns like Williston, North Dakota. In 2000, the state's population was about 620,000. North Dakota State University Professor Nancy Hodur says the population is now closer to 730,000.

"It is a record high. It has never been bigger."

And the expansion continues to create jobs.

"We do not have as many people as we need to fill those jobs, and we got high participation in the workforce."

And not just in the oil fields. Businesses are having a hard time filling job openings – from driving trucks…to making food in the growing number of restaurants.

Cam Holt owns a restaurant. He says there is a shortage of homes, which has caused a jump in housing prices.

"Eighty to 90 percent of the people that walked through the door here, looking for a job, need a place to live. At $1,500 a bedroom, even at the rates that we are paying people, it is still unaffordable. It does not make sense for them."

North Dakota has one of the lowest unemployment rates in the country. It also has one of the fastest growing income rates. But a labor organization warns the state is also one of the most dangerous places to work. The AFL-CIO says it has a death rate five times higher than the national average. Most of those deaths happened in areas where mining and oil removal projects are taking place.

The work may be dangerous. But people continue to look for jobs in towns like Williston.

Dean Bangsund is an economist at North Dakota State University.

"Now we are seeing the technology is allowing us to put the wells closer together without affecting the performance of the wells. So the ecology, and the technology and the economics is evolving."

He says it is too early to tell what the long-term economic and environmental effects will be.

"This is a relatively new technology. It is being adjusted. It is undergoing tweaks and refinements as we speak. It is dealing with a portion of geology the state has not traditionally dealt with. It is much larger, much broader in context."

It appears the promise of the oil industry in North Dakota will extend and continue to drive demand for a workforce willing to accept the risks and rewards. I'm Anne Ball.

网友的学习评论(0条):
版权所有©2003-2019 南京通享科技有限公司,保留所有权利。未经书面许可,严禁转载本站内容,违者追究法律责任。 互联网经营ICP证:苏B2-20120186
网站备案:苏ICP备05000269号-1中国工业和信息化部网站备案查询
广播台