官方APP下载:英语全能特训(微信小程序版,支持苹果手机、安卓手机)
创办于2003年
UNSV记不住?那就记中文谐音“忧安思危”吧!
  Slow and Steady Wins the Race!
UNSV英语学习频道 - Slow and steady wins the race!
公众微信服务号
英语全能特训(微信公众服务号)
UNSV英语学习频道淘宝网店
客服短信:18913948480
客服邮箱:web@unsv.com
初级VIP会员
全站英语学习资料下载。
¥98元/12个月

AS IT IS - Poverty Is More Than Just Lack of Money

阅读次数:


VIP会员专享下载:(非VIP会员无权下载!如果想下载,但还不是VIP会员,请点此订购
下载方式:使用鼠标右键(注意是鼠标右键!)点击下面的MP3音频/MP4视频链接,然后选择“另存为…”。
MP3节目录音 MP3节目录音  PDF节目文稿 PDF节目文稿  MP3同步字幕 MP3同步字幕 
文章正文
同步字幕
A girl stands near her family house near Islamabad, Pakistan.
A girl stands near her family house near Islamabad, Pakistan.

Poverty is not just about money. Oxford University in Britain says poverty also means not having enough food, education, healthcare and shelter.

Earlier this month, Oxford University released its latest measure of poverty. It is called the Multidimensional Poverty Index, or MPI. Researchers gathered information from 108 countries, where 78 percent of the world's population lives. Oxford says about 1.6 billion of those people are what it calls "multi-dimensionally poor." It says most live in rural areas.

Sabina Alkire is the head of the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative. She describes multidimensional poverty.

"I mean a person who has different things going wrong at the same time. They might not have many assets and they might have malnutrition. And they might not have more than five years of schooling. So, several things are going wrong in their life at the same time. That's what it means to be multi-dimensionally poor. It's not just one."

The MPI found that in nearly 50 developing countries, half of the poor people should be called "destitute" -- in other words, having an extreme lack of basic living standards.

About 420 million people are considered destitute. Most of them live in South Asia. About 343 million live in India. The MPI found there are 200 million destitute people in 24 African countries. Niger has the highest percentage of its population listed as destitute -- almost 69 percent.

An individual's earnings is the most common measure of poverty. But Dr. Alkire says more information is needed to tell the whole story.

"It needs a measure that looks at the other aspects of people's life -- like bad health, bad education, no water and sanitation, or poor housing -- and sees how they're doing in those. Because actually it's not the same people who are poor in both. And so both measures together give a more-balanced picture of how people are living."

She says that in some places, many people have a poor diet, but are not considered poor.

"For example, in Bhutan, according to their national poverty measure, 12 percent of people are income poor and 12.7 are multi-dimensionally poor, but only a quarter of those -- 3.2 percent -- are poor in both."

But she believes that policies aimed at reducing poverty are working.

"We studied changes over time for 34 countries this year, housing 2.5 billion people. And 30 of those countries had significant reductions of poverty. And the really good news we find is that it's low-income countries and least-developed countries that actually reduced poverty the fastest."

网友的学习评论(0条):
版权所有©2003-2019 南京通享科技有限公司,保留所有权利。未经书面许可,严禁转载本站内容,违者追究法律责任。 互联网经营ICP证:苏B2-20120186
网站备案:苏ICP备05000269号-1中国工业和信息化部网站备案查询
广播台