官方APP下载:英语全能特训(微信小程序版,支持苹果手机、安卓手机)
创办于2003年
UNSV记不住?那就记中文谐音“忧安思危”吧!
  Slow and Steady Wins the Race!
UNSV英语学习频道 - Slow and steady wins the race!

英语全能特训(微信小程序)
UNSV英语学习频道淘宝网店
客服短信:18913948480
客服邮箱:web@unsv.com
初级VIP会员
全站英语学习资料下载。
¥98元/12个月

WHO: Smoking Costs More Than You Think

阅读次数:


VIP会员专享下载:(非VIP会员无权下载!如果想下载,但还不是VIP会员,请点此订购
下载方式:使用鼠标右键(注意是鼠标右键!)点击下面的MP3音频/MP4视频链接,然后选择“另存为…”。
MP3节目录音 MP3节目录音  MP3同步字幕 MP3同步字幕 
文章正文
同步字幕
The World Health Organization says tobacco kills 6 million people yearly - a figure that is expected to rise to 8 million by 2030 unless urgent action is taken.
The World Health Organization says tobacco kills 6 million people yearly - a figure that is expected to rise to 8 million by 2030 unless urgent action is taken.

A single cigarette sold on a street corner may not cost a lot; however, the overall costs of smoking are huge.

First, consider the cost of human life. The World Health Organization says about 10 people die of a tobacco-linked disease every minute. That rate adds up to almost six million people dying from such diseases every year.

The majority of these preventable deaths happen in low-income and middle-income countries. The World Bank says each of these countries has a gross national income of less than $12,746.

Stopping smoking

For most people, stopping smoking is hard. Many began smoking as teenagers. They are used to it. Also, tobacco contains the powerful drug nicotine.

Studies show people who want to stop smoking can do so with different treatments. Some get help from electronic cigarettes, medicine or nicotine patches that reduce one's desire for the drug.

Dr. Nancy Rigotti works at Massachusetts General Hospital in the United States. She says she finds that medicine and counseling services together work best of all.

Other experts and former smokers offer even more effective advice: if you are considering starting smoking, don't.

Illegal tobacco trade

But smoking costs more than the life of an individual. It can affect the health of an entire country.

The World Health Organization says low-income countries depend heavily on taxes from cigarettes. They use the money, in part, to pay the costs of health care for tobacco-related diseases.

But the illegal trade in tobacco products is further testing the economies of low-income countries. WHO officials say the illegal trade earns about $31 billion every year.

Douglas Bettcher is the director of the WHO's Department for the Prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases. He calls the illegal trade a monster with many heads.

He says the trade enables young people to buy cigarettes at low prices, become addicted to tobacco and suffer serious health problems. It also increases crime and reduces tax revenue.

"It feeds the proliferation of transnational organized crime, another head of this multi-headed monster, and it drains resources, taxes, revenue from the purses of ministries of finance, governmental coffers."

The World Health Organization is urging United Nations member states to sign a treaty to end the illegal trade in tobacco products. Eight countries have approved the treaty. But the approval of 32 other countries is needed for it to become international law.

If the treaty succeeds, governments could put people who trade illegal tobacco products in jail – another cost to countries' budgets.

I'm Kelly Jean Kelly.

VOA's Carol Pearson and reporter Lisa Schlein wrote parts of this story. Kelly Jean Kelly adapted it for Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

----------------

Words in This Story

patches n. pieces of material that contain a drug (the material is worn on your skin, enabling the drug to slowly enter your body over a long period of time)

non-communicable adj. not able to be passed to another person

monster n. a powerful thing that cannot be controlled and that causes many problems

proliferation n. rapid increase in number or amount; spread

网友的学习评论(1条):
Forbidden smoking is necessary for any countries very soon. Spend money and harm the health.
版权所有©2003-2019 南京通享科技有限公司,保留所有权利。未经书面许可,严禁转载本站内容,违者追究法律责任。 互联网经营ICP证:苏B2-20120186
网站备案:苏ICP备05000269号-1中国工业和信息化部网站备案查询
广播台