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Hemp on Trial in Malawi

作者:Jonathan Evans 发布日期:11-3-2015

Biomass company CEO Ed Lehburger examines a barrel of shredded hemp on the way to being turned into pulp and used for paper and other products, at Pure Vision Technology, a biomass factory in Fort Lupton, Colo., May 19, 2015.
Biomass company CEO Ed Lehburger examines a barrel of shredded hemp on the way to being turned into pulp and used for paper and other products, at Pure Vision Technology, a biomass factory in Fort Lupton, Colo., May 19, 2015.

In Malawi, the government has approved plans to grow industrial hemp for export on a trial or temporary basis.

The government's decision followed years of heated debate. The proposal continues to meet resistance from anti-drug activists and religious leaders.

Industrial hemp and marijuana are from the same family of crops. But industrial hemp does not contain the psychoactive chemical agents found in marijuana, the plant known as chamba in Malawi.

Last May, parliament member Boniface Kadzamira asked lawmakers to reconsider the plant's economic abilities. In his country, he says, people used to think that chamba caused madness and crime. He said people now understand that industrial hemp is purely a money-making crop.

Industrial hemp can be used to make paper, cloth, medicine and even food products.

But the government's decision has anti-drug campaigners worried. Nelson Zakeyu is director of Drug Fight Malawi, a local non-governmental organization.

'That will just give an easy access to marijuana. The country will have so many problems. Some of the problems are shootings and suicides as it is in some states in the U.S., like California.'

Tony Burden is director of Herbarium, a South African company.

He says industrial hemp is very different from marijuana.

'We will have to bring in the certified low-drug varieties. And they come from Europe so we have to see if they can grow here in Malawi. If they don't grow then we have to look around Malawi to see if maybe there is also industrial hemp in Malawi or we can see if we can make new varieties that grow well for Malawi's climate.'

Joseph Chidanti Malunga is deputy chairperson of the parliamentary committee on agriculture. He told local radio that hemp will help the local economy.

'I understand the money it fetches is more than what tobacco would fetch for a given unit area. So we think that if we go this direction, we might even surpass what even what we get from tobacco.'

But religious leaders disagree. Dinala Chabulika is with the Muslims Association of Malawi.

'Whether it is going to boost the economy or not, it is not acceptable. There is no inner permission Islam gives to any drug or something that would disturb the intelligence of a human being. So our recommendation is it should not be done.'

The government has approved trial crops of industrial hemp starting next year at an agriculture research station in the capital, Lilongwe.

I'm Jonathan Evans.

Lameck Masina reported on this story for VOANews.com. Marsha James adapted this story for Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

Should Malawi grow industrial hemp or not? What do you think? Please leave us a comment or post on our Facebook page.

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Words in This Story

composition - n. the way in which something is put together

variety - n. a collection of different things

fetch - v. to go after and bring back something

surpass - v. to be better or greater than something

boost - v. to increase the amount of something

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