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WHO: New Treatments Needed for Antibiotic-Resistant 'Superbugs'

发布日期:3-10-2017

CDC microbiologist, Valerie Albrecht, holds up two plates of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in this undated CDC handout photo.
CDC microbiologist, Valerie Albrecht, holds up two plates of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in this undated CDC handout photo.

The World Health Organization (WHO) has made an appeal to scientists, drug manufacturers and governments.

The WHO wants them to work together to develop drugs to fight 12 bacteria. These bacteria are able to resist powerful antibiotic drugs. The resistance is so unusually strong all 12 have been given a special name: “superbug.”

The United Nations agency reported this week the 12 superbugs are a threat to human health. It said they have the ability to turn easily treatable infections into killers.

A few examples are blood, lung and brain infections, food poisoning and gonorrhea, a disease spread by sexual activity.

The WHO says superbugs can also pass along genetic material that helps other bacteria become resistant to drug treatment.

Marie-Paule Kieny - World Health Organization's Assistant Director-General
Marie-Paule Kieny - World Health Organization's Assistant Director-General

Marie-Paule Kieny is the U.N. agency’s assistant director-general. She said “antibiotic resistance is growing and we are fast running out of treatment options.” She urged governments to give drug companies reasons to develop new treatments.

“If we leave it to market forces alone, the new antibiotics we most urgently need are not going to be developed in time,” she said.

Antibiotic drugs can lose their effectiveness when people take more or less of than the amount required by doctors. When this happens, infections that were at one time easily treated become resistant. Germs can also be spread in nature from air, water and animals.

I’m Jill Robbins.

VOA’s Kenneth Schwartz reported this story from Washington. Christopher Jones-Cruise adapted his story for Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

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Words in This Story

gonorrhea - n. a disease of the sex organs that is spread by sexual contact

option - n. the opportunity or ability to choose something or to choose between two or more things

market forces - n. the actions of buyers and sellers that cause the prices of goods and services to change without being controlled by the government

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