官方APP下载:英语全能特训(微信小程序版,支持苹果手机、安卓手机)
创办于2003年
UNSV记不住?那就记中文谐音“忧安思危”吧!
  Slow and Steady Wins the Race!
UNSV英语学习频道 - Slow and steady wins the race!
公众微信服务号
英语全能特训(微信公众服务号)
UNSV英语学习频道淘宝网店
客服短信:18913948480
客服邮箱:web@unsv.com
初级VIP会员
全站英语学习资料下载。
¥98元/12个月

Bees Protect Crops from Wild Elephants in India

阅读次数:


VIP会员专享下载:(非VIP会员无权下载!如果想下载,但还不是VIP会员,请点此订购
下载方式:使用鼠标右键(注意是鼠标右键!)点击下面的MP3音频/MP4视频链接,然后选择“另存为…”。
MP3节目录音 MP3节目录音 
文章正文
同步字幕

People in Mayilattumpara, a village in southwest India, could not sleep at night.

Because of habitat loss, wild elephants would enter their village to look for food, destroying crops and farmland.

The villagers tried to keep the wild elephants out with electric fences, deep holes and plants believed to keep the animals away. They even tried beating drums. Nothing worked!

The repeated destruction of crops led some villagers to stop farming. But the situation turned around last year.

That is because residents have finally found what keeps the elephants away: honey bees.

Elephants, it turns out, are afraid of loudly buzzing bees and their stings.

A wire fence holding beehives now stretches along the border of the village. When elephants try to pass the 2.5 kilometer wire fence, angry bees swarm out and the elephants quickly flee, people in the village say.

Protected by the bees, farmers have returned to growing their crops. Some even started to cultivate honey.

The idea started in Africa

V.S. Roy works for the federal government’s Agriculture Technology Management Agency (ATMA).

Are honey bees the natural enemy of wild elephants?
Are honey bees the natural enemy of wild elephants?

He said the idea for the fence came from the work of an Oxford university researcher, Lucy King. In 2008, King successfully tested whether honeybees would keep elephants away from areas in Kenya. Researchers in Tanzania had the same success.

Roy wondered, “If it could (work) in the African forest, why couldn’t it in the Kerala forest?” So, he worked with the farmer’s association in Mayilattumpara to start the experiment.

The fence cost about $8,000 with funding from the ATMA.

Johny Kochery has 9 hectares of farmland in the village. He said setting up the fence and beehives was not easy. The farmers needed to find the most effective fence and hive system. They also needed to learn how to replace diseased colonies, care for the bees and deal with the cost of keeping up the system.

Kochery said that last season the farmers were not able to make a profit. But this year they hope to have a big harvest.

The results of this experiment have encouraged farmers from other areas to try similar projects. The government also has been working to resolve conflict between humans and elephants by reducing deforestation and improving the elephants’ natural habitat.

E.A Jayson is a scientist with the Kerala Forest Research Institute. He said the fencing seems to keep the elephant away. But there are now new problems to solve.

“We have met with incidences of theft of beehive boxes,” Jayson said.

I’m Mario Ritter.

Rachel Dennis adapted this story from a Reuters news report for VOA Learning English. Hai Do was the editor.

Write to us in the Comments Section or on our Facebook page.

Words in This Story

habitat –n. the place where wildlife naturally lives or grows

stings –n. an injury caused by the sting of an animal like a bee, the sharp part of the body of some animals that can sting

swarm –n. a large group of insects moving together

cultivate –v. to look after and care for

encourage –v. to make someone more willing to do something

网友的学习评论(0条):
版权所有©2003-2019 南京通享科技有限公司,保留所有权利。未经书面许可,严禁转载本站内容,违者追究法律责任。 互联网经营ICP证:苏B2-20120186
网站备案:苏ICP备05000269号-1中国工业和信息化部网站备案查询
广播台