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US Report on School Shootings Suggests Most Are ‘Preventable'

作者:Bryan Lynn 发布日期:11-15-2019

A new study suggests that many of the deadly school shootings in the United States over the past 10 years could have been prevented.

Most students who carried out such an attack had shown threatening or suspicious behavior, but were not reported to law enforcement, the study found.

The U.S. Secret Service reported the findings last week.

The study was based on an in-depth examination of 41 incidents of "targeted school violence." All of the attacks happened over a 10-year period from 2008 to 2017.

The Secret Service's National Threat Assessment Center collected information from police reports, as well as public and non-public investigation records.

Susan Payne, founder and executive director of Safe2Tell wipes tears, as Peter Langman, left, Max Schachter, who lost his son Alex during the Parkland school mass shooting, center, and Ryan Petty, right, who lost his daughter Alaina.
Susan Payne, founder and executive director of Safe2Tell wipes tears, as Peter Langman, left, Max Schachter, who lost his son Alex during the Parkland school mass shooting, center, and Ryan Petty, right, who lost his daughter Alaina.

The findings will be used to train school officials and law enforcement to better identify students who may be plotting an attack.

Lina Alathari is head of the National Threat Assessment Center. She told The Associated Press that most school shootings "are not sudden, impulsive acts where a student suddenly gets disgruntled." She added that "the majority of these incidents are preventable."

In 80 percent of the shootings, the attacker's behavior was so worrisome to others that it made them express concern about "the safety of the attacker or those around them.'

The study found that the shootings took place quickly and often ended within 60 seconds or less. Law enforcement rarely arrived while the attack was happening. Attacks generally started during school hours and happened in a single area, such as a dining hall, restroom or classroom.

People attend a candlelight vigil the day after a shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida, U.S., February 15, 2018.
People attend a candlelight vigil the day after a shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida, U.S., February 15, 2018.

Most of the attackers were male, but seven were female. Researchers reported that 63 percent of the attackers were white. Fifteen percent were black, 5 percent Hispanic and 2 percent American Indian or Alaska Native.

The attackers most often used guns, but knives were sometimes used. Investigators said most of the weapons came from the homes of the attacker.

The report identified warning signs that school officials, families and other students could use to help them recognize a possible attacker. These include signs of increased anger, a clear interest in weapons and violence, depression or isolation, self-harm or sudden behavioral changes.

The study found most U.S. schools have security cameras as well as planned lockdown measures for shooting situations. However, only 17 percent of the schools had a system in place where students or families can directly contact officials about a student in crisis.

Tony Montalto, whose 14-year-old daughter Gina was killed in the Parkland school mass shooting and president of 'Stand with Parkland.'
Tony Montalto, whose 14-year-old daughter Gina was killed in the Parkland school mass shooting and president of 'Stand with Parkland.'

The study was launched following the 2018 shootings at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida.

The fathers of three students killed in the attack attended a media event timed to the release of the study.

Tony Montalto, whose daughter Gina Rose died in the Florida shooting, said the research was invaluable and could have helped her school prevent the attack.

"My lovely daughter might still be here today," he said. "Our entire community would be whole instead of forever shaken."

Montalto urged other schools to pay close attention to the findings. "Please, learn from our experience. It happened to us, and it could happen to your community, too," he said.

I'm Bryan Lynn.

Bryan Lynn wrote this story for VOA Learning English, based on reports from The Associated Press and VOA News. George Grow was the editor.

We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments section, and visit our Facebook page.

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Words in This Story

impulsive adj. doing things suddenly and without careful thought

disgruntled adj. angry

isolation n. the condition or state of being separate from other people, places or things

lockdownn. a condition in which people are temporarily barred from entering or leaving a restricted area.

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