官方APP下载:英语学习播客(支持苹果手机、安卓手机)
创办于2003年
UNSV记不住?那就记中文谐音“忧安思危”吧!
  Slow and Steady Wins the Race!
UNSV英语学习频道 - Slow and steady wins the race!
公众微信服务号
英语全能特训(微信公众服务号)
UNSV英语学习频道淘宝网店
客服短信:18913948480
客服邮箱:web@unsv.com
初级VIP会员
全站英语学习资料下载。
¥98元/12个月

France Shuts Down As Nationwide Strike, Protests Begin

作者:Jonathan Evans 发布日期:12-6-2019

The Eiffel Tower closed down and France's high-speed trains stood still Thursday as labor unions launched nationwide strikes.

The unions are protesting the government's plan to reform the retirement system.

Officials in Paris set up barriers around the home of France's president and deployed 6,000 police officers as activists gathered for a march through the city. Many of the protesters wore yellow vests.

The strikes are the biggest test to the president since the yellow vest movement for economic justice was launched a year ago. Organizers hope a mass show of anger toward his reform plan will force the government to make concessions.

To Macron, the reforms are central to his effort to make France more competitive internationally. His government argues that the country's 42 retirement systems need to be simpler and more effective.

All French retirees receive a government pension, but there are differences across the retirement systems. People working for private businesses are part of the general pension system. They make up about seven in 10 workers. But experts and professionals in many fields have a special pension plan. Some people, like railroad workers and flight crews, are permitted to take early retirement. Others, like doctors and lawyers, pay less tax.

Macron wants to replace the retirement system with a unified plan, so that all workers have the same pension rights.

While some private sector workers welcome Macron's reform, others support the strikers.

Public sector workers fear Macron's reform will force them to work longer than those in the private sector. They also fear it will reduce the size of their pensions. They see the strike as an effort to save France's protections for workers.

Joseph Kakou works as an overnight security guard in western Paris. He walked an hour to get home to the eastern side of the city on Thursday morning.

He told The Associated Press,"It doesn't please us to walk. It doesn't please us to have to strike. But we are obliged to because we can't work until 90 years old."

Tourists caught in the middle

Many foreigners canceled plans to travel to one of the world's most-visited countries because of the strike.

Unprepared tourists arrived at empty train stations Thursday, with about nine out of 10 high-speed trains canceled. Signs at Paris' Orly Airport showed "canceled" notices, as about 20 percent of flights were grounded.

Some travelers showed support for the striking workers. Others objected, saying they were caught in the middle of someone else's fight.

Vladimir Madeira of Chile had traveled to Paris for a vacation. He said the strike has been "a nightmare." Madeira said he had not heard about the protest until he arrived in Paris. He had planned to travel directly from France to Switzerland on Thursday, but travel cancellations changed his plans.

Near the closed Eiffel Tower, tourists from Thailand, Canada and Spain expressed similar concerns.

Metro stations across Paris were closed, causing traffic delays and leading many people to share bicycles or use electric scooters in near-freezing temperatures.

An open-ended movement

Many workers in and around Paris worked from home or spent the day with their children. Almost 80 percent of teachers in the French capital were on strike.

In preparation for possible violence and damage on the route of the Paris march, police ordered all restaurants and other businesses along the way to close.

Police closely inspected more than 3,000 people arriving for the protest and detained 18 people even before it started. Embassies warned visitors to avoid the protest area.

Parisians are not the only ones striking. Thousands of union activists marched through French cities from Marseille on the Mediterranean to Lille in the north.

It is unknown how long the strike will last. Transport Minister Elisabeth Borne said she expects the travel difficulties to continue through Friday.

Labor unions say the protest is an open-ended movement. They hope the strike continues for at least a week, in hopes of forcing the government to change its plans.

I'm Jonathan Evans.

The Associated Press reported this story. Ashley Thompson adapted it for VOA Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

Words in This Story

vest - n. a sleeveless piece of clothing with buttons down the front that is worn over a shirt and under a suit jacket

concessions - n. the act of giving up something or doing something in order to reach agreement

sector - n. an area of an economy

metro - n. an underground railway system in some cities

scooter - n. a small vehicle with two wheels that is powered by a motor and that has a low seat and a flat area for resting your feet

route - n. a way to get from one place to another place

nightmare - n. a very bad or frightening experience or situation

oblige - v. to force or require (someone or something) to do something because of a law or rule or because it is necessary

版权所有©2003-2019 南京通享科技有限公司,保留所有权利。未经书面许可,严禁转载本站内容,违者追究法律责任。 互联网经营ICP证:苏B2-20120186
网站备案:苏公网安备 32010202011039号苏ICP备05000269号-1中国工业和信息化部网站备案查询
广播台