官方APP下载:英语全能特训(微信小程序版,支持苹果手机、安卓手机)
创办于2003年
UNSV记不住?那就记中文谐音“忧安思危”吧!
  Slow and Steady Wins the Race!
UNSV英语学习频道 - Slow and steady wins the race!
公众微信服务号
英语全能特训(微信公众服务号)
UNSV英语学习频道淘宝网店
客服短信:18913948480
客服邮箱:web@unsv.com
初级VIP会员
全站英语学习资料下载。
¥98元/12个月

Can the World Copy South Korea's Coronavirus Plan? 世界各国可否抄写韩国战疫模式?

阅读次数:


VIP会员专享下载:(非VIP会员无权下载!如果想下载,但还不是VIP会员,请点此订购
下载方式:使用鼠标右键(注意是鼠标右键!)点击下面的MP3音频/MP4视频链接,然后选择“另存为…”。
MP3节目录音 MP3节目录音 
文章原文
同步字幕

On Thursday morning, VOA's reporter in Seoul, William Gallo, received a text message from South Korea's emergency alert system. The message appeared on his telephone. He has received such texts hundreds of times during the coronavirus outbreak.

Someone in Gallo's Seoul neighborhood — a 35-year-old man — had tested positive for the virus. The text message provided a link to a government website that listed everything about the man's activities for the past two days.

The man apparently arrived at Seoul's Incheon airport at about nine in the morning. He took a train to a train station near Gallo's home, and then went to a small food store. Five hours later, he went to a restaurant. More information followed.

By now, messages like this one are commonplace in South Korea. Gallo says his phone receives more than 10 messages about infections in his neighborhood on some days. When he goes to other parts of Seoul, his phone provides information about cases in those neighborhoods.

To prepare these messages, South Korea uses in-person interviews. It also uses large amounts of personal information, bank records, phone information as well as video from cameras around the city.

This is possible because South Korean lawmakers changed privacy laws after the outbreak of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) in 2015. The disease caused 39 deaths in the country. Now, during dangerous outbreaks, officials can easily get everyone's private information without a court order.

A woman wearing a face mask watches her smartphone in Seoul, South Korea, Saturday, March 21, 2020.
A woman wearing a face mask watches her smartphone in Seoul, South Korea, Saturday, March 21, 2020.

The plan has worked

As a result, South Korea has been able to identify areas with more than one coronavirus case and quickly investigate the path of the infection. It can tell those infected to stay home and warn the public to avoid that area.

The result has been stunning. South Korea has reported one of the lowest coronavirus death rates in the world: as of Monday, only 111 people have died out of 8,961 cases.

The rate of new infections has also decreased. After reaching 909 new cases a day on February 29, South Korea reported just 64 new cases on Monday.

South Korea's methods of fighting coronavirus have been praised as the model of how to contain the virus. It avoids forced restrictions on movement and does not lead to widespread closure of businesses.

Some people, however, are worried about the loss of privacy.

Kenneth Roth is executive director of Human Rights Watch. He told VOA his organization is worried governments may use the threat of coronavirus to increase their powers of surveillance.

"Once we allow them to be regularly used and give up… our right of privacy, it will be very difficult" to end it, said Roth.

In this photo taken on March 12, 2020, medical workers wearing protective clothing against the COVID-19 novel coronavirus walk to a decontamination area at the Keimyung University hospital in Daegu. - South Korea.
In this photo taken on March 12, 2020, medical workers wearing protective clothing against the COVID-19 novel coronavirus walk to a decontamination area at the Keimyung University hospital in Daegu. - South Korea.

If South Korea is reducing privacy in exchange for fighting the virus, many South Koreans seem to accept it happily.

Amid the coronavirus crisis, South Korean President Moon Jae-in is enjoying his highest approval ratings in months.

In some ways, South Korea's government is helped in the fight against coronavirus by what remains of its authoritarian past, says Lee Sang-sin. He is an expert on political science and public opinion at the Korean Institute for National Unification.

South Korea has a national registration system, he noted. Everyone has an identification number that must be given when buying a telephone. That has made it easier for government officials to find suspected coronavirus patients.

There are other reasons it may be difficult for countries to use the South Korean system to fight coronavirus.

South Korea is a small country, and is home to 51 million people. More than 50 percent live in cities and are easy to find.

Most importantly, everyone in South Korea, including non-citizens, is part of a national healthcare system.

Within the system, South Korea quickly built about 50 drive-thru testing centers. These have been praised internationally for their safety and effectiveness.

Back to normal?

As the number of new coronavirus infections decreases, life in Seoul has begun to return to the way it was before the outbreak.

Schools are still closed, but people are out in public spaces and open areas.

I'm Ashley Thompson.

VOA's William Gallo reported this story. Susan Shand adapted it for Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

Words in This Story

outbreak - n. the sudden appearance of a sickness

positive - adj. a good outcome

interview - n. to ask a person questions

stunning - adj. an extraordinary event

surveillance - n. following and watching a person

allow - v. to let someone do something

authoritarian - adj. oppressive, lacking democracy

网友的学习评论(0条):
版权所有©2003-2019 南京通享科技有限公司,保留所有权利。未经书面许可,严禁转载本站内容,违者追究法律责任。 互联网经营ICP证:苏B2-20120186
网站备案:苏ICP备05000269号-1中国工业和信息化部网站备案查询
广播台