官方APP下载:英语全能特训(微信小程序版,支持苹果手机、安卓手机)
创办于2003年
UNSV记不住?那就记中文谐音“忧安思危”吧!
  Slow and Steady Wins the Race!
UNSV英语学习频道 - Slow and steady wins the race!
公众微信服务号
英语全能特训(微信公众服务号)
UNSV英语学习频道淘宝网店
客服短信:18913948480
客服邮箱:web@unsv.com
初级VIP会员
全站英语学习资料下载。
¥98元/12个月

US Census Officials Face Tests in Small, Poor Latino Towns

阅读次数:


VIP会员专享下载:(非VIP会员无权下载!如果想下载,但还不是VIP会员,请点此订购
下载方式:使用鼠标右键(注意是鼠标右键!)点击下面的MP3音频/MP4视频链接,然后选择“另存为…”。
MP3节目录音 MP3节目录音 
文章原文
同步字幕

The people of Guadalupe, Arizona are very proud of their history.

The town's name comes from Our Lady of Guadalupe. It is linked to the reported sightings of Mary, the mother of Jesus Christ, in Mexico during the 1500s.

Yaqui Indian refugees from Mexico established Guadalupe in the southwestern United States over 100 years ago.

Today the town is known for religious ceremonies connected to the Christian holiday of Easter. But people there are a little worried about outsiders as they prepare for the 2020 census. The U.S. Bureau of the Census plans to gather information about the country's population and their communities next month.

Town leaders hope to ease any unwillingness to join the population count, which takes place once every 10 years. That is because the census could decide if Guadalupe gets more federal money. The local government has a budget of $12 million. The town uses the money to repair roads and the local waste water treatment system.

"Every revenue stream is important to a community as small as this one," Town Manager Jeff Kulaga told the Associated Press (AP).

In this, Wednesday, Feb. 12, 2020 photo, Vincent Keeys, standing, president of the NAACP in Collier County, talks to a group of nonprofit leaders and government agencies about the Census undercount in 2010, in Immokalee, Florida.
In this, Wednesday, Feb. 12, 2020 photo, Vincent Keeys, standing, president of the NAACP in Collier County, talks to a group of nonprofit leaders and government agencies about the Census undercount in 2010, in Immokalee, Florida.

Across the country, small, poor towns such as Guadalupe present problems for census workers. These communities are often home to one or more ethnic groups. Language barriers and poverty can be a problem. It can be very difficult to count people who move from place to place to find employment. Such individuals can be distrustful of the government.

The U.S. government has already delayed sending workers to count college students during the coronavirus pandemic. As people are asked to keep their distance from one another, counts in places like Guadalupe could grow even more difficult.

Native Americans make up almost one-third of the 6,500 people living in Guadalupe. About 70 percent of all people there identify as Hispanic. A third struggle with poverty in the community where the average yearly household income is around $32,000, and the average owner-occupied home is worth less than $90,000. Just 60 percent of adults finished high school.

The town of Immokalee, Florida

It is a similar story in Immokalee, Florida. A recent wave of immigration by indigenous Guatemalans who speak Mayan languages has created challenges for the local government.

The nearest hospital is nearly 50 kilometers away, in the wealthy community of Naples. Immokalee is a farming town and home to 25,000 people. It has been called a "food desert" – meaning it has few food stores. More than 43 percent of the population is in poverty. A similar percentage have not finished the first year of high school.

An AP study shows that such small, poor and largely Latino communities historically have been under-counted in earlier censuses.

D'Vera Cohn writes about the census for the Pew Research Center. She said it is an increasingly difficult and costly job to count these hard-to-count groups.

"It may be because they distrust the government or are … moving around or people who don't speak English," said Cohn.

The Census Bureau is spending $500 million in advertising — $50 million for ads designed to ease the fears among some Latinos. This includes trying to ease their concerns that they will be asked about citizenship, which is incorrect.

In this Feb. 8, 2020, photo, people volunteer to get people registered to vote and a booth offering employment for the upcoming 2020 census stands in the background, during the celebration of the town's 45th year since it was incorporated, in Guadalupe, A
In this Feb. 8, 2020, photo, people volunteer to get people registered to vote and a booth offering employment for the upcoming 2020 census stands in the background, during the celebration of the town's 45th year since it was incorporated, in Guadalupe, A

Language and cultural barriers can make communication difficult in Guadalupe. Most people there speak Spanish in addition to English. Older tribal members often choose to communicate in the Pascua Yaqui language.

Tribal officials said they are preparing group presentations and employing speakers of Pascua Yaqui and English to explain the census to older members. This includes explaining the direct connection between being counted and getting the community things it needs.

"We did a lot of work around the 2010 census, and we feel people are a lot more comfortable this time," said Letticia Baltazar. She is a research specialist for the tribe.

The Pascua Yaqui have up to 20,000 members nationwide, including several thousand in Guadalupe.

In Immokalee, the challenges lie in the English language and educational limitations of the community. More than 72 percent of town residents are Latino, with large numbers of immigrants from Mexico and Guatemala. Between 2009 and 2016, the number of native Guatemalans there rose 200 percent. And it is expected to keep rising, with more Central American families arriving in Florida over the past two years.

I'm Pete Musto.

Anita Snow, Adriana Gomez Licon, and Angeliki Kastanis reported on this story for the Associated Press. Pete Musto adapted it for VOA Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments Section.

Words in This Story

proudadj. very happy and pleased because of something you have done, something you own, or someone you know or are related to

revenue streamn. a way of earning money

pandemicn. an occurrence in which a disease spreads very quickly and affects a large number of people over a wide area or throughout the world

incomen. money that is earned from work, investments, or business

owner-occupiedadj. lived in by the owner

indigenousadj. produced, living, or existing naturally in a particular region or environment

challenge(s) – n. a difficult task or problem

comfortableadj. causing no worries, difficulty, or uncertainty

网友的学习评论(0条):
版权所有©2003-2019 南京通享科技有限公司,保留所有权利。未经书面许可,严禁转载本站内容,违者追究法律责任。 互联网经营ICP证:苏B2-20120186
网站备案:苏ICP备05000269号-1中国工业和信息化部网站备案查询
广播台