官方APP下载:英语学习播客(支持苹果手机、安卓手机)
创办于2003年
UNSV记不住?那就记中文谐音“忧安思危”吧!
  Slow and Steady Wins the Race!
UNSV英语学习频道 - Slow and steady wins the race!
公众微信服务号(英语全能特训)
英语全能特训(微信公众服务号)
UNSV英语学习频道淘宝网店
客服短信:18913948480
客服邮箱:web@unsv.com
初级VIP会员
全站英语学习资料下载。
¥98元/12个月

ASK A TEACHER - Have and Eat

作者:Alice Bryant 发布日期:4-3-2021

This week, we answer a question from a reader in China. Jojo writes:

Question:

Good day. I would like to know the difference between "have" and "eat" and when to use them. Thanks a lot.

-Jojo, China

Answer:

Hello Jojo!

When talking about a specific meal or food, the verbs "eat" and "have" are often interchangeable. That means either word can be used.

Listen to an example of when to choose either word:

I'm having breakfast right now. I'll see you in a little while.

I'm eating breakfast right now. I'll see you in a little while.

In the example, most Americans would probably use "eat" but "have" would still sound natural. And there is no different in meaning between the two.

Polite requests

But the word "have" is used in polite or kind requests and offers that relate to food and meals. In these cases, often the eating does not take place at home.

Here's an example of a kind offer from a friend:

Want to have dinner at my place? I'm making grilled fish.

We also use "have" when ordering food at a restaurant. It does not matter what kind of restaurant it is. We do not use eat.

Listen to this short restaurant exchange:

Good morning, what will you have?

We will have the oatmeal, thanks.

Transitive, intransitive

Here is something else to consider when choosing one or the other:

The verb "have" is transitive. That means we must always say what we ate or will eat. For instance, in the restaurant exchange, the man said they would have the oatmeal.

"Eat" is intransitive, which means we do not have to say it. So, you can say this:

I'm really hungry. Let's eat!

But you cannot say, "I'm really hungry. Let's have!"​ You can, however, say:

I'm really hungry. Let's have pasta!

And that's Ask a Teacher for this week.

I'm Alice Bryant.

Alice Bryant wrote this story for Learning English. Caty Weaver was the editor.
________________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

specific - n. relating to a particular person, situation, etc.

polite - adj. having or showing good manners or respect for other people

oatmeal - n. oats that have been ground into flour or flattened into flakes

版权所有©2003-2019 南京通享科技有限公司,保留所有权利。未经书面许可,严禁转载本站内容,违者追究法律责任。 互联网经营ICP证:苏B2-20120186
网站备案:苏公网安备 32010202011039号苏ICP备05000269号-1中国工业和信息化部网站备案查询
广播台