官方APP下载:英语学习播客(支持苹果手机、安卓手机)
创办于2003年
UNSV记不住?那就记中文谐音“忧安思危”吧!
  Slow and Steady Wins the Race!
UNSV英语学习频道 - Slow and steady wins the race!
公众微信服务号(英语全能特训)
英语全能特训(微信公众服务号)
UNSV英语学习频道淘宝网店
客服短信:18913948480
客服邮箱:web@unsv.com
初级VIP会员
全站英语学习资料下载。
¥98元/12个月

September 11th, Memories, Verb Forms

作者:John Russell 发布日期:9-10-2021

Saturday, September 11, is the 20th anniversary of the terrorist attacks in the United States. Around 3000 people were killed on that day in 2001, when al-Qaida agents hijacked and crashed airplanes in New York, Virginia and Pennsylvania.

People across the U.S. will share their thoughts and feelings about that day on the anniversary. News shows and other media will observe the day with special programming. People will talk about what they remember about the day, the effects the attacks had on them, the U.S. reaction, and more.

Such discussions often use verbs in simple and progressive forms.

In today's Everyday Grammar, we will explore the grammar behind such structures.

Let's begin with a few important terms and ideas.

Verb Forms

English has several verb forms; two of them are the simple and progressive forms.

The simple verb form is often the first verb form that English learners study.

Consider the following statements:

I want to read about English grammar.

I love English grammar.

Here, the verbs want and love are in their simple present forms. Their past forms are wanted and loved.

Now consider a person who is in the middle of an action – reading a grammar book. That person might say,

I am reading about English grammar.

Here the verb read is in its progressive form – I am reading. The past progressive form is I was reading.

In general, English speakers are more likely to use simple verbs than progressive verbs in everyday discussions.

But discussions about memories and past experiences will likely involve verb forms of both kinds, as we will see.

Discussions about September 11th - Simple Form of Verb

Let's first explore how simple forms might appear in discussions about September 11.

Consider this example. Imagine you are listening to an American news program. You might hear something like the following discussion:

Do you remember where you were on September 11?

I was at work. I heard about the attacks during my morning coffee break.

Or you might hear a discussion with a person who is not old enough to remember the day:

Do you remember where you were on September 11?

No, I don't know what it was like - but I believe it was very frightening.

Notice that the examples included simple present and simple past forms of verbs such as remember, believe, hear, know, be.

Many of these might be called 'non-action' verbs. Such verbs are mostly used to express ideas, memories, or states of being.

Such verbs are less common or not used in the progressive form.

Discussions about September 11th - Progressive Form of Verb

Now consider how progressive verb forms might appear in a discussion about September 11.

Imagine you are watching another news broadcast. You might hear the following:

Do you remember what you were doing on September 11 when you first heard the news?

I was listening to the radio, and the regular program was interrupted.

Or:

I was watching television at home.

Or:

I was sitting at my desk when a coworker ran over to me and told me the news.

In the examples, verbs such as listen, watch, and sit appeared in their past progressive form. In other words, these actions were in progress when the person learned about the news.

Closing Thoughts

When you hear news broadcasts or read internet discussions about September 11 – or any other kind of important event – pay careful attention to how the speakers or writers use simple and progressive verb forms.

Pay careful attention to the kinds of verbs that are used in the simple form, and the kinds of verbs that are used in the progressive form. Over time, you will improve your understanding of how and when to use these verbs and verb forms.

I'm John Russell.

John Russell wrote this lesson for VOA Learning English. Caty Weaver was the editor.

Words in This Story

progressive –n. A progressive verb form in English consists of a form of the verb "be" followed by the main verb's present participle.

frightening – adj. scary or causing fear

interrupt – v. to cause (something) to stop happening for a time

版权所有©2003-2019 南京通享科技有限公司,保留所有权利。未经书面许可,严禁转载本站内容,违者追究法律责任。 互联网经营ICP证:苏B2-20120186
网站备案:苏公网安备 32010202011039号苏ICP备05000269号-1中国工业和信息化部网站备案查询
广播台