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Bangladesh's Villages Bear the Brutal Cost of Climate Change

作者:Susan Shand 发布日期:11-6-2021

Adbus Satter lives in Bonnotola in southwestern Bangladesh. The small seaside village was once home to 2,000 people. Most of them were farmers, like Satter.

But rising seas poisoned the soil with salt water. Two major storms in the last two years destroyed the mud barriers that protected the village from the sea.

Today, only 480 people remain.

The effects of global warming are destroying parts of Bangladesh, said Mohammad Shamsuddoha. He is the head of the non-profit Center for Participatory Research Development.

"It's a grave concern for a country like Bangladesh," he said. He added that studies show some 30 million people may be forced to leave the country's coastal communities.

This week, world leaders are gathered in Glasgow Scotland, for a United Nations climate conference. Countries like Bangladesh are pressing for more financial support to deal with the effects of climate change.

A long-held promise for rich countries to give poor countries $100 billion each year to move to clean energy and deal with climate change has not been kept. Even the $80 billion that has been given is not enough to make much of a difference.

Salt in soil has increased by 26 percent over the past 35 years. In 1973, 833,000 hectares of land were poisoned by sea water. Areas of fresh water were also poisoned. This grew to 1.02 million hectares in 2000, and 1.056 million hectares in 2009, reports Bangladesh's Soil Resources Development Institute.

At Bonbibi Tola village, women gather daily at a well to collect water for cooking and drinking. The women walk up to 4 kilometers to get the water.

But that will soon end. Wells in the area only have fresh water in the months after yearly heavy rains. In the summer, fresh water is difficult to find, said one of the women, Maheswari Halder.

"This is the fate we all surrender to," she said.

The villages lie in Bangladesh's southwestern Shyamnagar area. The area is home to 400,000 people. Officials say the government does not have the money to build desalination factories.

"The area needs maybe 500 desalination plants. But we've only got 50 or so," said Alamgir Kabir, head of a local organization.

Between 2000 and 2009, only six countries in the world were more affected by climate change than Bangladesh. That information comes from the 2021 Climate Change Performance Index, by the nonprofit group Germanwatch.

Bangladesh cannot pay for the costs of climate change on its own.

And it should not have to, says Abdul Kalam Azad. He is the country's special representative to the Climate Vulnerable Forum. The group is made up of countries most at risk from the effects of climate change.

Bangladesh has done far less to damage the Earth's atmosphere than larger industrialized countries. Yet Bangladesh is being badly hurt, Azad said.

In a speech Monday at the U.N. climate meeting, Bangladesh's Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina said the large industrial countries that have caused most climate change should pay for the damage. The 2015 Paris climate agreement said that countries should address "loss and damage" due to climate change."

But countries such as the United States are concerned that they might be held legally responsible for the effects of a century of carbon emissions.

I'm Susan Shand.

The Associated Press reported this story. Susan Shand adapted it for Learning English. Ashley Thompson was the editor.

Words in This Story

global warming - n. the recent increase in the world's temperature that is believed to be caused by the increase of certain gases (such as carbon dioxide) in the atmosphere

grave - adj. very serious

adapt - v. to change your behavior so that it is easier to live in a particular place or situation

fate - n. the future that someone or something will have

desalination - adj. the removal of salt from sea water

emissions - n. something sent out or given off

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