官方APP下载:英语学习播客(支持苹果手机、安卓手机)
创办于2003年
UNSV记不住?那就记中文谐音“忧安思危”吧!
  Slow and Steady Wins the Race!
UNSV英语学习频道 - Slow and steady wins the race!
公众微信服务号(英语全能特训)
英语全能特训(微信公众服务号)
UNSV英语学习频道淘宝网店
客服短信:18913948480
客服邮箱:web@unsv.com
初级VIP会员
全站英语学习资料下载。
¥98元/12个月

Goal and Aim

作者:Jill Robbins 发布日期:12-18-2021

Hello! This week on Ask a Teacher, we answer a question from Paul in the Czech Republic.

Question:

Could you tell me the difference between the words aim, target, objective and goal? When should I use each one?

Paul, Czech Republic.

Answer:

Dear Paul,

Thank you for writing to us. These words are similar. As nouns they all mean something you are trying to do or make happen. But we often use two of them to describe an object we can touch.

Goal and target

Both "target" and "goal" can be used in sports. In soccer, players try to get a ball into the other side's goal, an area at the end of the playing field marked by a net. We say a player "scored a goal," as in this example:

Abby Wambach broke the women's soccer record by scoring 184 goals.

In the sport of archery, you try to make an arrow hit a "target." We use the word this way to describe archery:

To get a high score, your arrow has to hit close to the center of the target.

When we use "target" to talk about what we want to do in the near term, it is often an exact number, as in this example:

Our sales target for the coming month is $1000 a day.

Compare that with the use of "goal" to talk about a more general thing you want to make happen further in the future, as in:

It is her goal to become the president of the company.

Objective and aim

We use those two words as well as "objective" and "aim" to talk about our purposes. Often people decide on their "objectives" as a group or organization. For example:

The Senator said, "Our objective today is to pass this bill."

Finally, we can use "aim" as a verb meaning to direct effort toward a goal in this way:

I aim to plant ten trees today.

What question do you have about American English? Send us an email at learningenglish@voanews.com

And that's Ask a Teacher.

I'm Jill Robbins.

Dr. Jill Robbins wrote this lesson for VOA Learning English. Mario Ritter, Jr. was the editor.

Words in This Story

netn. a device that is used for catching or holding things or for keeping things out of a space and that is made of pieces of string, rope, wire, etc., woven together with spaces in between

score v. to get points, goals, runs, etc., in a game or contes

archeryn. the sport or skill of shooting with a bow and arrow

Do you have a question for the teacher? We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments Section.

版权所有©2003-2019 南京通享科技有限公司,保留所有权利。未经书面许可,严禁转载本站内容,违者追究法律责任。 互联网经营ICP证:苏B2-20120186
网站备案:苏公网安备 32010202011039号苏ICP备05000269号-1中国工业和信息化部网站备案查询
广播台