官方APP下载:英语学习播客(支持苹果手机、安卓手机)
创办于2003年
UNSV记不住?那就记中文谐音“忧安思危”吧!
  Slow and Steady Wins the Race!
UNSV英语学习频道 - Slow and steady wins the race!
公众微信服务号(英语全能特训)
英语全能特训(微信公众服务号)
UNSV英语学习频道淘宝网店
客服短信:18913948480
客服邮箱:web@unsv.com
初级VIP会员
全站英语学习资料下载。
¥98元/12个月

Mine v. Quarry

作者:Faith Pirlo 发布日期:8-6-2022

Hello! This week on Ask a Teacher, we will answer a question from Yusuf about the difference between "mine" and "quarry."

Question:

Hi VOA learning team,

Would you please help me to understand the difference between "quarry" and "mine?"

Thanks, Yusuf

Answer:

Dear Yusuf,

This is a great question! Thank you for asking it!

Both "mine" and "quarry" can be used as nouns and verbs. Their meanings are related but are different in important ways. Let us start with the word "mine."

Mine

As a noun, a "mine" is a hole dug underground to recover minerals and other valuable substances from the earth. For example,

Recently, a large pink diamond was found in a mine in the African country of Angola.

"Mine" as a noun has another meaning.

A mine is a bomb that is hidden underground as a defensive weapon. These land mines cause many deaths, even long after a war is over.

Large pouch rats in Africa are trained to find land mines by using their sense of smell.

A floating mine can also be put in the sea as a weapon against ships.

A "mine" can also be any large supply of a resource. For example:

There is a mine of information on the internet.

"Mine" can also be a verb. "To mine" means to dig useful or valuable substances out of the earth.

Americans went west to California in the mid-1800s to mine for gold. This is called the California Gold Rush.

Quarry

A "quarry," like a mine, is a place where valuable minerals or rocks are recovered, but it is open on the earth's surface rather than underground. Rocks, sand and minerals are removed from quarries. Big pieces of stone like limestone and granite and some minerals are removed from quarries as building materials.

The Ancient Egyptians cut huge blocks of limestone and granite from quarries to build the Great Pyramids.

The noun "quarry" has another meaning. It can be an animal or even a person that is hunted.

The dogs chased their quarry through the field.

"Quarry" as a verb can mean to take or dig from.

There are many sites in the United States where you can quarry for fossils.

The use of "quarry" and "mine" is sometimes linked to the kind of mineral being recovered. So, limestone is almost always quarried while diamonds are usually mined.

Summary

So, a "mine" is a hole underground that is used to remove minerals and valuable substances from the earth. A "quarry" is like a mine but is on the surface of the earth and usually is used to remove large pieces of stone, sand or minerals. It can also be something that is hunted or sought after.

Both "quarry" and "mine," as verbs, mean to dig something out of the earth.

Please let us know if these examples and explanations have helped you, Yusuf!

What question do you have about American English? Send us an email at learningenglish@voanews.com

And that's Ask a Teacher.

I'm Faith Pirlo.

Faith Pirlo wrote this lesson for VOA Learning English.

Words in This Story

pouch – n. a pocket of folded skin especially for carrying the young (as on the abdomen of a kangaroo) or for carrying food (as in the cheek of a hamster)

idiom – n. an expression that cannot be understood from the meanings of its separate words but that has a separate meaning of its own

fossil n. the remains of ancient life forms that have mineralized and turned to stone

Do you have a question for the teacher? We want to hear from you. We have a new comment system. Here is how it works:

  1. Write your comment in the box.
  2. Under the box, you can see four images for social media accounts. They are for Disqus, Facebook, Twitter and Google.
  3. Click on one image and a box appears. Enter the login for your social media account. Or you may create one on the Disqus system. It is the blue circle with "D" on it. It is free.

Each time you return to comment on the Learning English site, you can use your account and see your comments and replies to them. Our comment policy is here.

版权所有©2003-2019 南京通享科技有限公司,保留所有权利。未经书面许可,严禁转载本站内容,违者追究法律责任。 互联网经营ICP证:苏B2-20120186
网站备案:苏公网安备 32010202011039号苏ICP备05000269号-1中国工业和信息化部网站备案查询
广播台