官方APP下载:英语全能特训(微信小程序版,支持苹果手机、安卓手机)
创办于2003年
UNSV记不住?那就记中文谐音“忧安思危”吧!
  Slow and Steady Wins the Race!
UNSV英语学习频道 - Slow and steady wins the race!
公众微信服务号
英语全能特训(微信公众服务号)
UNSV英语学习频道淘宝网店
客服短信:18913948480
客服邮箱:web@unsv.com
初级VIP会员
全站英语学习资料下载。
¥98元/12个月

Road Names

阅读次数:

文章正文
同步字幕

INTRO: This week VOA's Wordmasters, Avi Arditti and Rosanne Skirble, answer a listener question that takes us on the road.

MUSIC: "Hit the Road, Jack"/Ray Charles

AA: This song goes out to Zhang Tian-guan in Luoyang City, Henan Province, China.

RS: He wrote to ask us about the differences in the words "street," "road," "avenue," "boulevard" and "drive" --

AA: -- as in typical American road names like "Washington Street," "Jones Boulevard," "University Drive," "Magnolia Road" and "New York Avenue."

RS: This question calls for someone with street smarts.

TAPE: CUT ONE - PETHTEL

"My name is Ray Pethtel. I'm University Transportation Fellow and associate director of the Center for Transportation Research at Virginia Tech."

AA: We asked Mr. Pethtel how a "street" is different from, say, a "drive."

TAPE: CUT TWO - PETHTEL

"There is no national standard that I'm aware of or that I could locate regarding street names."

RS: So, we suggest that you not worry about it.

Ray Pethtel says that in many cases choosing a street name comes down to the whim of whoever builds property on the surrounding land.

TAPE: CUT THREE - PETHTEL/ARDITTI

PETHTEL: "There was a road near my home in Richmond [Virginia] that was called Allecingie ['ah-le-'sin-gee] Drive. It was named by the developer of the area, and it was named after his three daughters. He put their names together, and it became Allecinge. It didn't mean anything to me as a resident of the area, but it meant something to the developer."

AA: "It seems like presidents' names and tree names are popular choices in lieu of a name like Allecingie if the developer doesn't have three daughters to name his streets after. What are some other popular choices for street names?"

PETHTEL: "Periods of history. There seem to be some of the monarchies, King Arthur Court and Prince William Drive and those kinds of names are very popular. Certainly trees - elm and spruce, whatever's dominant in the area. Historical figures, presidents."

RS:In some cities, though, like Washington DC, streets are named in a system that can serve as a guide -- if you know the code. Ray Pethtel recalls trying to navigate the streets when he lived here in the nation's capital.

TAPE: CUT FOUR - PETHTEL/ARDITTI

"One of my neighbors told me that the easy way to figure out the direction you're going, is to look first at the letters - M Street, etc., then the next series of streets will also be in alphabetical order, one syllable, then two syllables, and three syllables. And they used to say, 'but forget the major avenues,' because they just happen to be there wherever somebody put them. Massachusetts ... "

AA: "Pennsylvania Avenue."

PETHTEL: "And Vermont. There was no rhyme or reason for the streets named after states." AA: "And, finally, what is your favorite street name?"

PETHTEL: "I guess my favorite is Luster's Gate Road. I have absolutely no idea why the name. I suppose somebody at one time in history, probably named Luster, had a gate on the road and it was a farm road, and it's now the road that runs by my house. And I think to many people their favorite street is the one that goes right by their house."

RS: So what's your question about American English?

AA: We might be able to answer it on the air. Our e-mail address is word@voa.gov.

RS: Or write us at VOA Wordmaster, Washington, DC 20237 USA. Next week at this new time, we'll introduce you to a romance coach -- to help get you ready for Valentines Day!

MUSIC:"Love on a Two-Way Street"/Gloria Estefan

网友的学习评论(0条):
版权所有©2003-2019 南京通享科技有限公司,保留所有权利。未经书面许可,严禁转载本站内容,违者追究法律责任。 互联网经营ICP证:苏B2-20120186
网站备案:苏ICP备05000269号-1中国工业和信息化部网站备案查询
广播台