官方APP下载:英语全能特训(微信小程序版,支持苹果手机、安卓手机)
创办于2003年
UNSV记不住?那就记中文谐音“忧安思危”吧!
  Slow and Steady Wins the Race!
UNSV英语学习频道 - Slow and steady wins the race!
公众微信服务号
英语全能特训(微信公众服务号)
UNSV英语学习频道淘宝网店
客服短信:18913948480
客服邮箱:web@unsv.com
初级VIP会员
全站英语学习资料下载。
¥98元/12个月

Grammar Lady: English Spelling

阅读次数:

文章正文
同步字幕

INTRO: This week VOA Wordmasters Avi Arditti and Rosanne Skirble turn to their old friend, Grammar Lady Mary Newton Bruder, to answer a question that English learners frequently ask.

AA: Why isn't English spelled the way it sounds?

TEXT: CUT ONE -- BRUDER

"First of all because it's very old and it's gone through a lot of changes and it has borrowed words willy-nilly from everyplace you can think of."

RS: "So you say it isn't spelled like it sounds because it's an old language, which leaves us in quite a bad place because there are so many different spellings that are pronounced the same way. For example, you inform me that there are eight or nine ways to pronounce o-u-g-h."

AA: "What are they?"

BRUDER: "OK, rough [ruff], dough [doh], thought [thaw-t], plough [plow], through [throo], scarborough [scar-bur-row], slough [sluff] -- which is either 'sluff' or 'slew' depending on which way you're going to use it -- cough [caw-f], hiccough [hic-cup], Youghiogheny [ya-ka-gay-nee] and Poughkeepsie [puh-kip-see]."

RS: "I've been down the Youghiogheny. It's a river in Pennsylvania. So tell us about the o-u-g-h. There are so many pronunciations, how do you go about learning them, or is it, again, just a rote thing?"

BRUDER: "You have to learn them in context and you have to learn them bit by bit as you're learning to read, then have them all brought together when you're maybe in fourth or fifth grade and can understand that this is one of those major conundrums of our language and we just have to deal with it. There was a movement by George Bernard Shaw to simplify English spelling, and he suggests that g-h-o- t-i -- or "go-tee" -- spells 'fish.' G-h from 'enough,' 'women' for the o and t-i from 'nation.'"

AA: "That really simplifies things!"

RS: "That doesn't help me."

BRUDER: "That was his example of why we need spelling reform. And so for awhile we had what was called the Initial Teaching Alphabet. It was the reduction of English to exactly what it sounds like, which was your original question. So 'Stephen' would be s-t-e-f-e-n. 'Heard' would be h-e-r-d, no matter which meaning of the word."

AA: But Mary Newton Bruder says she found from teaching college that the worst spellers were the students who had started out with this system in grade school.

TAPE: CUT TWO - SKIRBLE/BRUDER/ARDITTI

RS: "Back to o-u-g-h. Are there groups of words that we can learn so that we can learn to pronounce them and read them and to write them?"

BRUDER: "That's exactly how it should be done, so that you do 'rough' [ruff] and 'tough' [tuff] ... "

AA: "Enough [e-nuff]."

BRUDER: "Enough. And you learn as a group all the words that are spelled in one way. Then you learn the ones like 'through."

RS: "T-h-r-o-u-g-h."

BRUDER: "The ones that are unique simply have to be learned when they are learning the spelling for that sound. So if they're learning 'threw' -- t-h-r-e-w -- they're learning that 'oo' sound, then I would teach t-h-r-o-u-g-h at that time, so that they are associating that particular spelling with other words that sound the same even though they are spelled differently."

RS: "So they can read them."

BRUDER: "So they can read them. I mean, that's the whole purpose of this, is teaching people how to read. If they can't remember how to spell them, well, then we hope they get a good spell-checker."

AA: Linguist and author Mary Newton Bruder speaking from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, where she dispenses grammar advice through a telephone hotline and on the Internet at www.grammarlady.com. That's all for Wordmaster this week. With Rosanne Skirble, I'm Avi Arditti.

MUSIC:""I Couldn't Spell !!*@!"/Sam the Sham & The Pharaohs

网友的学习评论(0条):
版权所有©2003-2019 南京通享科技有限公司,保留所有权利。未经书面许可,严禁转载本站内容,违者追究法律责任。 互联网经营ICP证:苏B2-20120186
网站备案:苏ICP备05000269号-1中国工业和信息化部网站备案查询
广播台